Treponema hyodysenteriae

Trep·o·ne·ma hy·o·dys·en·te·ri·ae

an enteropathogenic bacterial species that causes swine dysentery.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Effect of levamisole on the clinical and immunologic response to oral vaccine of Treponema hyodysenteriae. Am J Vet Res 1987;48:57-660.
Spirochetes are part of the normal flora of pigs, although Treponema hyodysenteriae causes swine diarrhea.[1] The colonization rate in human colon is variable and is influenced by many factors, including immune function, sexual practices, diet, sanitation, and community structure.[2] The colonization rate of spirochetes in Europe is 2.5% to 9%[2]; in the North of England, 1.5%[1]; in Scotland, 6.9%[1,4]; in Washington, DC, 1.9%[1,4]; in Southern India, 64%[2]; and in natives of West Africa, 100%.[4] After World War I, the prevalence was 30% in Chicago,[4] which was at least 10 times as high as that seen from 1975 to 1984.[1] The prevalence in the homosexual population in the United States appears to be in the range of 28% to 36%.[1]
They changed the name of Treponema hyodysenteriae to Serpulina hyodysenteriae in 1994, to more accurately describe that serpent-shaped bacterium.
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