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Travelbee, Joyce

(1926-1973), a nursing theorist who developed the Human-to-Human Relationship Model and theory, presented in her book Interpersonal Aspects of Nursing (1966, 1971). Travelbee based the assumptions of her theory on the concepts of logotherapy. Logotherapy theory was first proposed by Viktor Frankl, a survivor of Auschwitz, in his book Man's Search for Meaning (1963). Travelbee believed nursing is accomplished through human-to-human relationships that begin with the original encounter and then progress through stages of emerging identities, developing feelings of empathy, and later feelings of sympathy. The nurse and patient attain a rapport in the final stage. See also logotherapy.