trauma center

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center

 [sen´ter]
1. a point from which a process starts, especially a plexus or ganglion giving off nerves that control a function.
3. an agency or other site where services are offered to the public.
accelerating center the vasomotor center in the brainstem involved in acceleration of heart action.
apneustic center a nerve center in the brainstem controlling normal respiration.
cardioinhibitory center a vasomotor center in the medulla oblongata that exerts an inhibitory influence on the heart.
cardiovascular control c's vasomotor centers.
community mental health center (CMHC) a mental health facility or group of affiliated agencies that provide services to a designated catchment area.
coughing center a nerve center in the medulla oblongata, situated above the respiratory center, which controls the act of coughing.
deglutition center a nerve center in the medulla oblongata that controls swallowing.
detente center a residential care center of the kinlein type, using the esca theory of moving as the basis for the staff's actions to maintain the independence of residents who are experiencing lessened physical or mental capacity.
C's for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) an agency of the United States Department of Health and Human Services whose headquarters is in Atlanta, Georgia. It is concerned with all phases of control of communicable, vector-borne, and occupational diseases and with the prevention of disease, injury, and disability. Its responsibilities include epidemiology, surveillance, detection, laboratory science, ecological investigations, training, disease control methods, chronic disease prevention, health promotion, and injury prevention and control. Its major tasks include the licensing of qualified clinical laboratories for interstate commerce, maintenance of laboratories as reference centers for microorganisms and infectious diseases, and operation of extensive research programs in the prevention, detection and control of disease. The CDC's name has changed several times to reflect its expanding role; it has been called the Communicable Disease Center (1946), the Center for Disease Control (1970), and the Centers for Disease Control (1980). The latest name change, enacted by Congress in 1992, reflects the expansion of the scope of the CDC's mission to include health promotion and education. Because of the widespread recognition of the acronym CDC, that acronym continues to be used by the agency. The mailing address of the CDC is Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Rd. NE, Atlanta, GA 30333, and the website is http://www.cdc.gov.
ejaculation center a reflex center in the lumbar spinal cord that regulates ejaculation of semen during sexual stimulation.
erection center a reflex center in the sacral spinal cord that regulates erection of the penis or clitoris. Called also genital center.
feeding center a group of cells in the lateral hypothalamus that when stimulated cause a sensation of hunger; called also hunger center.
genital center erection center.
germinal center the area in the center of a lymph node containing aggregations of actively proliferating lymphocytes.
health center
1. a community health organization providing ambulatory health care and referrals to appropriate service agencies, and coordinating the efforts of all health agencies.
2. an educational complex consisting of a medical college, nursing college, and various allied health professional schools.
heat-regulating c's thermoregulatory centers.
hunger center feeding center.
medullary respiratory center the nerve center in the medulla oblongata that coordinates respiratory movements.
micturition c's a nerve center controlling the bladder and inhibiting the tension of the vesical sphincter, situated in the lumbar enlargement.
nerve center a collection of nerve cells in the central nervous system that are associated together in the performance of some particular function, such as a primary area or an association area.
nursing center a site where public health or primary care services, including patient education, assessment, and screening and preventive services are provided and managed by registered nurses.
center of ossification any point in bones at which ossification begins.
pneumotaxic center a nerve center in the upper pons that rhythmically inhibits inhalation.
poison center (poison control center) see poison control center.
rectovesical center a reflex center in the spinal cord that regulates the rectum and bladder.
reflex center any nerve center at which afferent sensory impressions are converted into efferent motor impulses.
respiratory c's a series of nerve centers (the apneustic, pneumotaxic, and medullary respiratory centers) in the medulla and pons that coordinate respiratory movements.
satiety center a group of cells in the ventromedial hypothalamus that when stimulated suppress the desire for food.
senior center a program supported by Title XX funding, providing recreational activities and lunch for a small fee for older adults in need of socialization. Health assessments and education may also be provided.
sudorific center
1. a nerve center in the anterior hypothalamus controlling sweating.
2. any of several nerve centers in the medulla oblongata or spinal cord that exercise parasympathetic control over sweating. Called also sweat center.
swallowing center deglutition center.
sweat center sudorific center.
thermoregulatory c's nerve centers in the hypothalamus that regulate the conservation and dissipation of heat.
thirst center a group of cells in the lateral hypothalamus that when stimulated cause a sensation of thirst.
trauma center an institution officially designated as a site to which catastrophically injured patients can be brought quickly to receive specialized care. Trauma centers are classified as Level I, II, or III according to criteria developed by the Committee on Trauma of the American College of Surgeons, with Level I facilities having the equipment and personnel necessary to care for the most seriously injured patients.
vasoconstrictor center a nerve center in the medulla oblongata and lower pons that controls contraction of the blood vessels.
vasodilator center a nerve center in the medulla oblongata that causes dilation of blood vessels by repressing the activity of the vasoconstrictor center.
vasomotor c's nerve centers in the medulla oblongata and the lower pons that regulate the caliber of the blood vessels and increase or decrease the heart rate and contractility. See also vasoconstrictor c. and vasodilator c. Called also cardiovascular control c's.
vomiting center a center in the lower central region of the medulla oblongata; its stimulation causes vomiting.
word center, auditory Wernicke's area.

trauma center

a service providing emergency and specialized intensive care to critically ill and injured patients.

trauma center

Medtalk A hospital with personnel and equipment, on-site or available on short notice, to manage Pts suffering major injuries, usually–depending on the 'level'–I, II, III of care–without the need to send the Pt to another center. See Level I, II, III trauma centers.

trau·ma cen·ter

(traw'mă sen'tĕr)
A designated medical facility for the treatment of trauma patients. Standards established by the American College of Surgeons provide for three levels of sophistication: Level I, a freestanding facility staffed 24 hours a day by surgical, specialty, and support personnel, with appropriate physical resources, conducting research, and usually associated with an academic medical center; Level II, a facility with the same capabilities as Level I but that is not required to conduct research and may be integrated with an emergency department; Level III centers lack a full complement of specialists but can provide emergency care, surgery, and intensive care.
See also: designation
References in periodicals archive ?
1, 2015 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Effective October 1, 2015 there are 33 hospitals that are accredited trauma centers in Pennsylvania.
The advent of trauma centers, where high-level specialists and equipment are available 24 hours a day, seven days a week, was a big step forward.
In 2005, although 42 million Americans had a choice among 20 or more high-level trauma centers within an hour of where they were injured, more than 46 million Americans could not have reached even one within an hour.
Jackson Health System has filed letters of intent to open trauma centers at Jackson North and Jackson South, and Kendall Regional Medical Center has been awaiting state approval since the spring.
For hospitals that have trauma centers, though, the cost of delivering the critical care has risen during the last decade, said Connie Potter, president of the National Foundation for Trauma Care.
The trauma system began in 1983 with eight trauma centers and grew to a peak of 23 centers in 1985.
Physicians are ceasing to practice in the state due to rising medical-liability premiums, and trauma centers are closing.
3 1/4 trauma centers or 5 1/2 aeromedical depots) were prohibited.
Trauma centers are at risk of closure if proposed Medicare and Medicaid cuts are enacted, according to a study in the current issue of The Journal of Trauma.
During the sixties he transformed his lab into one of the nation's first trauma centers, with its own blood bank, lab, operating room, and a crew of surgeons and support staff ready to operate 24 hours a day.
Reverification, required every three years, ensures that Level I Pediatric Trauma Centers continue to meet specific guidelines, including the availability of pediatric critical care and subspecialty physicians.

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