transmissible spongiform encephalopathy

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Related to Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies: Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

encephalopathy

 [en-sef″ah-lop´ah-the]
any degenerative disease of the brain.
AIDS encephalopathy HIV encephalopathy.
anoxic encephalopathy hypoxic encephalopathy.
biliary encephalopathy (bilirubin encephalopathy) kernicterus.
bovine spongiform encephalopathy a prion disease of adult cattle in the British Isles with neurologic symptoms. It is transmitted by feed containing protein in the form of meat and bone meal derived from infected animals. The etiologic agent is also the cause of new variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Called also mad cow disease.
boxer's encephalopathy (boxer's traumatic encephalopathy) a syndrome due to cumulative head blows absorbed in the boxing ring, characterized by slowing of mental function, occasional bouts of confusion, and scattered memory loss. It may progress to the more serious boxer's dementia. See also postconcussional syndrome.
dialysis encephalopathy a degenerative disease of the brain associated with longterm use of hemodialysis, marked by speech disorders and constant myoclonic jerks, progressing to global dementia.
hepatic encephalopathy a condition, usually occurring secondary to advanced liver disease, marked by disturbances of consciousness that may progress to deep coma (hepatic coma), psychiatric changes of varying degree, flapping tremor, and fetor hepaticus.
HIV encephalopathy (HIV-related encephalopathy) a progressive primary encephalopathy caused by infection with human immunodeficiency virus type I, manifested by a variety of cognitive, motor, and behavioral abnormalities. Called also AIDS encephalopathy.
hypernatremic encephalopathy a severe hemorrhagic encephalopathy induced by the hyperosmolarity accompanying hypernatremia and dehydration.
hypertensive encephalopathy a complex of cerebral phenomena such as headache, convulsions, and coma that occur in the course of malignant hypertension.
hypoxic encephalopathy encephalopathy caused by hypoxia from either decreased rate of blood flow or decreased oxygen content of arterial blood; mild cases cause temporary intellectual, visual, and motor disturbances, and severe cases can cause permanent brain damage within five minutes. Called also anoxic encephalopathy.
lead encephalopathy brain disease caused by lead poisoning.
mitochondrial encephalopathy encephalopathy associated with mitochondrial abnormalities, such as melas syndrome and merrf syndrome.
portal-systemic encephalopathy (portasystemic encephalopathy) hepatic encephalopathy.
progressive subcortical encephalopathy Schilder's disease.
subacute spongiform encephalopathy (transmissible spongiform encephalopathy) prion disease.
traumatic encephalopathy
Wernicke's encephalopathy a neurological disorder characterized by confusion, apathy, drowsiness, ataxia of gait, nystagmus, and ophthalmoplegia; it is due to thiamine deficiency, usually from chronic alcohol abuse. It is almost invariably accompanied by or followed by korsakoff's syndrome and frequently accompanied by other nutritional polyneuropathies. See also wernicke-korsakoff syndrome.

transmissible spongiform encephalopathy

n. Abbr. TSE
Any of a group of neurodegenerative diseases of humans and other animals, including scrapie, bovine spongiform encephalopathy, and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, that are thought to be caused by prions and can be transmitted by contact from one individual to another.

transmissible spongiform encephalopathy

a group of fatal neurodegenerative diseases that are unique in having either infectious or genetic causes. Examples include Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and Gerstmann-Sträussler syndrome. A homozygous prion protein genotype predisposes individuals to susceptibility to the diseases.

transmissible spongiform encephalopathy

Encephalopathy marked by rapidly developing dementia or the sudden onset of psychiatric illnesses, often with myoclonus, ataxia, and aphasia. Death may occur within months of onset. These illnesses are believed to be caused by prions. Examples include kuru, mad cow disease (bovine spongiform encephalopathy), and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease.
See also: encephalopathy
References in periodicals archive ?
The patent for the Rapid Prion-Detection Assay protects this method of testing for all transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) in animals and humans.
TSE's are Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies, a family of diseases including BSE in cows, scrapie in sheep and Creutzfeldt-Jackob Disease in humans.
At the request of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (TSEs) Advisory Committee, Pall Corporation (NYSE: PLL) has presented the latest research results on its prion technology to remove TSE infectivity from blood.
Scrapie in sheep and goats, a fatal neurodegenerative disease, is a member of the family of transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs), which includes bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in cattle, chronic wasting disease in deer and elk, and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in humans.
There are acquired and hereditary forms of the diseases, and the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies are grouped together due to similar clinical and pathological features.
Despite the flurry of news surrounding the cow, the risk that humans will develop transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSE) or the variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease is considered to be low.
Under the In The Spotlight header of the introductory page are links to reference libraries developed for specific diseases including West Nile virus, foot-and-mouth disease, and transmissible spongiform encephalopathies.
The funeral home director was unfamiliar with World Health Organization infection control guidelines for transmissible spongiform encephalopathies and refused to accept the corpse, stating that embalming the patient would put him and his family at risk.
Researchers in the United Kingdom studying livestock that resist so-called transmissible spongiform encephalopathies report mixed results.
Transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) are a group of fatal neurologic diseases affecting both animals and humans causing a "sponge-like" degeneration of brain tissue.
CWD is a one of the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies diseases that include Creutzfeldt-Jakob in humans and bovine spongiform encephalopathy (mad cow disease).

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