Transient apical ballooning | definition of Transient apical ballooning by Medical dictionary
takotsubo cardiomyopathy (redirected from Transient apical ballooning)
A non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy most common in post-menopausal women, which is characterised by a sudden temporary weakening of the myocardium triggered by physical or emotional stress—e.g., death of a loved one—hence the alternate term, broken heart syndrome
Pathogenesis High serum catecholamines—adrenaline/ epinephrine
Diagnosis Negative coronary angiogram
Prognosis If the individual survives the initial event, the left ventricular function improves within 2 months
Reversible dysfunction of the left ventricle. It may be the cause of transient heart failure that occurs after exceptionally stressful events. The heart in such instances takes on a rounded shape with a narrow neck, resembling a traditional Japanese lobster trap (takotsubo). It is informally called broken-heart syndrome. Synonym: apical ballooning syndrome; stress-induced cardiomyopathy; transient left ventricular apical ballooning
References in periodicals archive
Adorjan et al., "Transient apical ballooning
syndrome--clinical characteristics, ballooning pattern, and long-term follow-up in a Swiss population," International Journal of Cardiology, vol.
Left ventricular apical ballooning syndrome ("takotsubo" cardiomyopathy) (ABS), a novel cardiac syndrome, is characterized by transient apical ballooning
leading to apical systolic dysfunction.