Most of those who have written on surrogacy in the absence of a genetic link have been either religious conservatives, on the one hand, or radical transhumanists
, on the other.
meditation refers to the use of technology (including social, neural and networks) to augment meditation to attain a quantum leap in human capability.
Moreover, it is hard to avoid the suspicion that the real cause of Harris and Savulescu's convergence on a not-so-new eugenics is deeper still and may infect the transhumanist
project more generally.
1) For a brief general introduction, see Nick Bostrom, "A History of Transhumanist
Thought," Journal of Evolution and Technology 14, no.
In a similar vein, the Transhumanist
Declaration of the World Transhumanist
Association (WTA) opens with the prediction that "humanity will be radically changed by technology in the future.
The future is a lot more chaotic than when I became a transhumanist
Increasingly envisioned and appearing products and applications fall into the category of transhumanist
solutions, including augmentation and enhancement of the human body.
utopias and dystopias are concerned with various forms of such technological transcendency.
Meanwhile the transhumanist
movement, which had started as a fringe group of sci-fi cultists in Los Angeles in the early 1990s, was growing into a major social force.
During an interview with Nick Bostrom, cofounder of the World Transhumanist
Association, Garreau reports having asked: "When we're talking about transhumanism, we're talking about transcending human nature .
Young defines his transhumanist
philosophy as a belief in overcoming human limitations through reason, science, and technology.
Debates about genetic engineering often revolve around what makes human beings 'human' or 'transhuman', and DESIGNER EVOLUTION: A TRANSHUMANIST
MANIFESTO is bound to be at the heart of future debates, with its focus on the emerging new philosophy of Transhumanist
doctrine, which supports the attempt to change the human body to eliminate disease, death, and even expand the mind beyond current boundaries.