If the GMO idea triggers passionate discussions, then the idea of transgenic organisms
often causes full-blown meltdowns.
Society should be provided with a balanced view of the fundamentals of biotechnology and genetic engineering, the processes used in developing transgenic organisms
, the types of genetic material used, and the benefits and risks of the new technology.
In an exclusive interview with the A.A, Associate Professor Haydar Bagis from TUBITAK Marmara Research Center (MAM) Institute for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology said, "development genetic engineering techniques known as recombinant DNA technology allowed scientists to produce genetically modified organisms or transgenic organisms
by collecting DNA molecules from different sources and combining them into one molecule to create a new set of genes.
In addition, modification of the expression of this enzyme in transgenic maize plants or in other transgenic organisms
(including bacteria, yeast, and other plant species) can be useful for the generation of novel starch forms or altered starch metabolism.
The first transgenic organisms
were bacteria, and transgenic bacteria are widely used today by pharmaceutical companies.
Among the topics that may be evaluated are an expansion of USDA's authority to regulate additional types of transgenic organisms
; establishment of a tiered system for risk-based regulation; allowance for low-level adventitious presence of controlled products in the food/feed supply; and development of a mechanism for regulation of biopharm crops grown in confined conditions.
Meanwhile, a slew of "GM-free zones," where all transgenic organisms
are banned (including fish, other animals, and plants used to make drugs), are cropping up around the world.
The case study is a product of the international GMO Guidelines Project, which addresses the environmental and agricultural impacts of transgenic organisms
but does not evaluate human health effects or ethical implications.
"We strive to have solid information about what happens with transgenic organisms
in the real-world environment, not just in the lab or under controlled conditions.
The development of transgenic organisms
is a highly technical and costly enterprise that requires an intensive industry working under rigid controls.
(14) Another more practical justification is that transgenic organisms
can be used to better understand and eventually to intervene in human development, both normal and, more often, disordered.
"This (discovery) is really serious, Mexico is the first center of origin and genetic diversity for a crop that has been contaminated by transgenic organisms
," said Greenpeace Mexico's Liza Covantes.