It demands that all food containing GMOs or transgenic organisms
be labeled--except Vermont cheese and organic cheese, both of which are made with transgenic rennet.
Society should be provided with a balanced view of the fundamentals of biotechnology and genetic engineering, the processes used in developing transgenic organisms
, the types of genetic material used, and the benefits and risks of the new technology.
The case study is a product of the international GMO Guidelines Project, which addresses the environmental and agricultural impacts of transgenic organisms
but does not evaluate human health effects or ethical implications.
We strive to have solid information about what happens with transgenic organisms
in the real-world environment, not just in the lab or under controlled conditions.
The development of transgenic organisms
is a highly technical and costly enterprise that requires an intensive industry working under rigid controls.
14) Another more practical justification is that transgenic organisms
can be used to better understand and eventually to intervene in human development, both normal and, more often, disordered.
This (discovery) is really serious, Mexico is the first center of origin and genetic diversity for a crop that has been contaminated by transgenic organisms
," said Greenpeace Mexico's Liza Covantes.
The group is working to promote laws that mandate safety testing of genetically engineered crops, that hold manufacturers of transgenic organisms
liable for any environmental damage they may cause, and that fund research in ecologically sustainable agricultural methods.
The detrimental effects of introducing transgenic organisms
into native habitats include the extinction of indigenous species, the dispersal of transgenes to non-engineered organisms, and in some areas a negative impact on biodiversity.
This system would establish a limit to the extent to which researchers could harness the power of biotechnology, while still allowing for the development of transgenic organisms
that contained human DNA.
Issues that were dropped from the final draft included the labeling of products derived from genetically modified organisms, placing liability and responsibility for transgenic materials on exporters, and granting grounds for refusing imports of transgenic organisms
based on socio-economic or human health concerns.
Dr Mae-Wan Ho, a geneticist with the Open University, told a news conference: "The large-scale release of transgenic organisms
could be worse than nuclear weapons as a means of mass destruction.