genetically modified organism

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Related to Transgenic organism: Transgenic animals

genetically modified organism

n. Abbr. GMO
An organism whose genetic characteristics have been altered by the insertion of a modified gene or a gene from another organism using the techniques of genetic engineering.
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We believe that the use of transgenic organisms with altered temperature or salinity tolerance should be avoided in aquaculture.
Although it is true that advances in transgenic organisms have taken place in aquaculture, they have been fewer and less promising than those in agriculture.
Despite this technical difference, the experiment clearly illustrates some of the fundamental methods used to create a true transgenic organism.
It demands that all food containing GMOs or transgenic organisms be labeled--except Vermont cheese and organic cheese, both of which are made with transgenic rennet.
Society should be provided with a balanced view of the fundamentals of biotechnology and genetic engineering, the processes used in developing transgenic organisms, the types of genetic material used, and the benefits and risks of the new technology.
A, Associate Professor Haydar Bagis from TUBITAK Marmara Research Center (MAM) Institute for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology said, "development genetic engineering techniques known as recombinant DNA technology allowed scientists to produce genetically modified organisms or transgenic organisms by collecting DNA molecules from different sources and combining them into one molecule to create a new set of genes.
The first transgenic organisms were bacteria, and transgenic bacteria are widely used today by pharmaceutical companies.
Meanwhile, a slew of "GM-free zones," where all transgenic organisms are banned (including fish, other animals, and plants used to make drugs), are cropping up around the world.
14) Another more practical justification is that transgenic organisms can be used to better understand and eventually to intervene in human development, both normal and, more often, disordered.
This (discovery) is really serious, Mexico is the first center of origin and genetic diversity for a crop that has been contaminated by transgenic organisms," said Greenpeace Mexico's Liza Covantes.
The group is working to promote laws that mandate safety testing of genetically engineered crops, that hold manufacturers of transgenic organisms liable for any environmental damage they may cause, and that fund research in ecologically sustainable agricultural methods.
This system would establish a limit to the extent to which researchers could harness the power of biotechnology, while still allowing for the development of transgenic organisms that contained human DNA.