colectomy

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Related to Total colectomy: ileostomy, Subtotal colectomy

colectomy

 [ko-lek´to-me]
excision of the colon or of a portion of it.

col·ec·to·my

(kō-lek'tō-mē),
Excision of a segment or of the entire colon.
[G. kolon, colon, + ektomē, excision]

colectomy

/co·lec·to·my/ (ko-lek´tah-me) excision of the colon or of a portion of it.

colectomy

(kə-lĕk′tə-mē)
n. pl. colecto·mies
Surgical removal of part or all of the colon.

colectomy

[kəlek′təmē]
Etymology: Gk, kolon, colon, ektomē, excision
surgical excision of part or all of the colon, performed to treat cancer of the colon, diverticulitis, or severe chronic ulcerative colitis. For several days before surgery a low-residue diet is prescribed. Antibiotics, bowel-cleansing enemas, or an oral bowel preparation solution are given to reduce the number of bacteria in the bowel. Parenteral fluids and electrolytes are given, and a nasogastric tube is passed. The nurse gives postoperative care as for any abdominal surgery. The nasogastric tube is connected to suction and remains in place until bowel sounds are heard. See also abdominal surgery.

colectomy

GI disease The surgical removal of various lengths of the colon; partial colectomies–with a rim or margin of healthy Tx are motivated by CA and acute diverticulitis; more complete colectomies–hemi-colectomy, total colectomy are indicated for long-standing ulcerative colitis, familial adenomatous polyposis, premalignant conditions which eventuate into cancer. See Open colectomy.

col·ec·to·my

(kŏ-lek'tŏ-mē)
Excision of a segment or all of the colon.
[G. kolon, colon, + ektomē, excision]

colectomy

Surgical removal of the large intestine (COLON). When this is done, a new outlet must be made for the lower end of the remaining intestine, in the form of a COLOSTOMY or ILEOSTOMY.

Colectomy

Surgical removal of the large bowel.
Mentioned in: Intestinal Polyps

colectomy

excision of the colon or of a portion of it.
References in periodicals archive ?
The patient developed multiple adenomatous polyps, and was successfully treated 15 years later by total colectomy.
Patients excluded from the study were those that had immunosuppression (acute leukemia, history of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, cytotoxic chemo within 2 months, or neutrophil count <1000/uL), a history of irritable bowel disease or irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea, a total colectomy, liver cirrhosis, the need for antibiotics within 6 weeks, prior fecal microbiota transplantation or Intensive Care Unit admission or were pregnant or nursing.
He used data from the National Center for Health Statistics' National Hospital Discharge Survey to determine that during 1989-2004, just under 12,900,000 adults underwent total colectomy, partial excision of the large intestine, cholecystectomy, appendectomy, vagotomy, gastrectomy, splenectomy, radical pancreaticoduodenectomy, exploratory laparotomy, or abdominal perineal resection of the rectum.
In FAP, the initial procedure (late teens to early twenties) should be total colectomy with ileorectal anastomosis, followed approximately 10 years later by proctocolectomy and ileal pouch construction.
One month later she developed intestinal occlusion and underwent a total colectomy, wedge resection of the gastric antrum, and total hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy because of perioperative findings of uterine metastasis.
The surgical construction of an ileal pouch connected to the anal canal has revolutionized the treatment of patients requiring a total colectomy.

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