Toscana virus


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Toscana virus

A Bunyavirus transmitted by insect bite, esp. the bite of the sandfly (Phlebotomus papatasi). The virus is endemic in Sicily, Cyprus, and elsewhere in the Mediterranean and may cause encephalitis, aseptic meningitis, or septicemia.
Synonym: sandfly fever virus
See also: virus
References in periodicals archive ?
Detection of Toscana virus central nervous system infections in Sardinia Island, Italy.
Prevalence of antibodies against Toscana virus in blood donors, France, 2007 * % % IgG-positive IgM-positive Demographic characteristic No.
Toscana virus infection in German travellers returning from the Mediterranean.
Sandfly fever due to Toscana virus: an emerging infection in southern France.
Three (5%) samples contained SFSV IgG but not Toscana virus IgG.
Virus 1 2 3 4 5 Nucleotide sequences 1 Sandfly fever Sicilian -- 7.5 4.0 40.4 38.8 virus, Algeria 2 Sandfly fever Sicilian 4.5 -- 6.5 42.7 41.3 virus, Cyprus 3 Sandfly fever Sicilian 9.3 1.5 -- 39.1 37.9 virus, Italy 4 Arbia virus 54.7 52.2 50.7 -- 38.2 5 Toscana virus, Italy 48.0 47.8 44.0 42.7 -- 6 Toscana virus, France 46.3 47.8 47.8 44.8 1.5 7 Sandfly fever Naples 52.0 50.7 48.0 52.0 25.3 virus, Sabin 8 Rift Valley fever virus 41.3 37.3 34.7 45.3 37.3 9 Uukuniemi virus 69.3 67.2 61.3 64.0 60.0 Amino acid sequences No.
We used 10 [micro]L RNA suspension for reverse transcription PCR, with primers targeting either a consensus sequence for the phlebovirus polymerase gene (L RNA segment) or Toscana virus (8) and the nucleoprotein (N) gene (S RNA segment) specifically (9).
Detection of neurotropic viruses circulating in Tuscany: the incisive role of Toscana virus. J Med Virol.
Toscana virus (TOSV) was originally isolated in 1971 from the sandfly Phlebotomus perniciosus collected in Monte Argentario (Grosseto province, central Italy) (1,2).
Neurovirulent Toscana virus (a sandfly fever vires) in Swedish man after visit to Portugal.
In southern Europe, WNV infections (2-4), tickborne encephalitis (5), sandfly fever Sicilian virus (SFSV), sandfly fever Naples virus (SFNV), and Toscana virus (TOSV) infections have been reported in Mediterranean countries (6,7).