Toscana virus


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Toscana virus

A Bunyavirus transmitted by insect bite, esp. the bite of the sandfly (Phlebotomus papatasi). The virus is endemic in Sicily, Cyprus, and elsewhere in the Mediterranean and may cause encephalitis, aseptic meningitis, or septicemia.
Synonym: sandfly fever virus
See also: virus
References in periodicals archive ?
Serological survey of Toscana virus infections in a high-risk population in Italy.
Symptomatic infections by Toscana virus in the Modena province, 1999-2001.
Navarro JM, Fernandez-Roldan C, Perez-Ruiz M, Sanbonmatsu S, de la Rosa M, Sanchez-Seco ME Meningitis by Toscana virus in Spain: description of 17 cases.
Development of a mouse model for the study of Toscana virus pathogenesis.
Acute meningitis due to Toscana virus infection among patients from the Spanish Mediterranean region and the region of Madrid.
000 * GR40, GR41, and GR79: TOSV obtained from pools of sandflies, STI1, STI2, and STI6: Spanish Toscana virus isolates recovered from patients in previous studies (17), ISS Phl.
Toscana virus was found only on Vero cells by indirect immunofluorescence by using mouse hyperimmune ascitic fluid against Toscana virus.
S egment of Toscana virus genome was partly amplified from culture supernatants by reverse-transcription PCR and sequenced (9).
perniciosus, proven to be a vector of Toscana virus (10), is abundant along the French Mediterranean coast.
Finally, this work suggests that, in addition to West Nile virus, Toscana virus should now be considered as a potential etiologic agent of acute meningitis in the southeastern part of France.