Tolosa-Hunt syndrome


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To·lo·sa-Hunt syn·drome

(tō-lō'sĕ hunt),
cavernous sinus syndrome produced by an idiopathic granuloma.

To·lo·sa-Hunt syn·drome

(tō-lō'sĕ hunt),
cavernous sinus syndrome produced by an idiopathic granuloma.

Tolosa-Hunt syndrome

[tō·lō′sä·hunt]
Etymology: Eduardo S. Tolosa, Spanish neurosurgeon, 1900-1981; William Edward Hunt, American neurosurgeon, 1921-1999
unilateral ophthalmoplegia associated with pain behind the orbit and in the area supplied by the first division of the trigeminal nerve; it is thought to result from nonspecific inflammation and granulation tissue in the superior orbital fissure or cavernous sinus. Compare cavernous sinus syndrome.

Tolosa-Hunt syndrome

Neurology A cavernous sinus syndrome, characterized by idiopathic local inflammation, and retro-orbital pain; THS peaks in the 4th–6th decades, ±accompanied by neurologic or systemic findings; it occurs in ±3% of painful ophthalmoplegia; it is a diagnosis of exclusion. See Cavernous sinus syndrome.

To·lo·sa-Hunt syn·drome

(tō-lō'sah-hŭnt' sin'drōm)
Cavernous sinus syndrome produced by an idiopathic granuloma.

Hunt,

William E., U.S. neurosurgeon, 1921–.
Hunt angled serrated ring forceps
Hunt angled-tip forceps
Hunt grasping forceps
Tolosa-Hunt syndrome - see under Tolosa

Tolosa,

Eduardo S., 20th century Spanish neurosurgeon.
Tolosa-Hunt syndrome - cavernous sinus syndrome produced by an idiopathic granuloma.

To·lo·sa-Hunt syn·drome

(tō-lō'sah-hŭnt' sin'drōm)
Cavernous sinus syndrome produced by an idiopathic granuloma.
References in periodicals archive ?
Painful ophtalmoplegia: overview with a focus on Tolosa-Hunt syndrome.
Tolosa-Hunt syndrome extending in the cerebello-pontine angle.
Recurrent Tolosa-Hunt syndrome with normal neuroimaging.
Tolosa-Hunt Syndrome - Cranial Neuroimaging Findings.
Cakirer, "MRI findings in Tolosa-Hunt syndrome before and after systemic corticosteroid therapy," European Journal of Radiology, vol.
The Tolosa-Hunt syndrome," American Journal of Ophthalmology, vol.
Clinical and radiological findings suggesting disorders other than Tolosa-Hunt syndrome among ophthalmoplegic patients: a retrospective analysis," Headache, vol.
Yu, "Factors that influence Tolosa-Hunt syndrome and the short-term response to steroid pulse treatment," Journal of the Neurological Sciences, vol.
Categorically, Tolosa-Hunt syndrome is a diagnosis of exclusion requiring careful patient evaluation to rule out tumour, vascular causes, or other forms of inflammation in the region of the cavernous sinus/superior orbital fissure.
TREATMENT: Almost 40 years ago Hunt first documented the beneficial effect of corticosteroid therapy in Tolosa-Hunt syndrome.
CONCLUSION: Although the pathogenetic basis of Tolosa-Hunt syndrome remains unknown, from a practical clinical standpoint it can be regarded as a distinct entity which may be simulated by various other disorders.
Spinnler H (1973) Painful ophthalmoplegia; the Tolosa-Hunt syndrome.