7%), external carotid artery, internal carotid artery, and thyrocervical
trunk and may have duplicate origins either from the aortic arch and subclavian artery.
Angiography confirmed the pseudoaneurysm to be emanating from the left thyrocervical
trunk; it was treated with coil embolization (figure 2).
Here we present the case of a male patient aged 17 with IMH that occured after blunt trauma in the supraclavicular region, fed by the thyrocervical
and costocervical trunks, and with an arteriovenous shunt.
Inferior thyroid artery arises from the thyrocervical
trunk, a branch of the first part of the subclavian artery at the level of the first rib.
An aberrant BA has been reported to originate from various arteries, such as aortic arch, brachiocephalic artery, subclavian artery, IMA, thyrocervical
trunk, costocervical trunk, inferior phrenic artery, abdominal aorta, vertebral artery, or left gastric artery [6-8].
artery - jugular fistula following internal jugular venous catheterization.
Toldt7, an anatomist, in an article cited by Gillies 1923 was the first to illustrate and name the vessel arteria cervicalis superficialis which originated as a branch of thyrocervical
One should always consider the rich collateral supply to the face and neck, and the thyrocervical
trunk, vertebral artery, and internal carotid artery branches should also be scrutinized (Figure 6).
2) Less commonly bleeding has been reported to originate from the thyrocervical
trunk (3) as was likely the situation in this case.
Arteries 28 Pharynx 5 Common carotid 3 Oesophagus 9 External carotid 2 Larynx 9 Internal carotid 1 Trachea 11 Subclavian 2 Nerves 13 Superior thyroid 3 Recurrent laryngeal 1 Vertebral 2 Spinal cord 6 Thyrocervical
2 Spinal accessory 1 Minor arteries 13 Facial 2 Brachial plexus 3 Veins 50 Parotid gland 2 Internal jugular 8 Thoracic duct 3 External jugular 9 Thyroid gland 4 Subclavian 2 Thyroid cartilage 1 Anterior jugular 12 Cervical spine 6 Inferior thyroid 2 Minor veins 17 Total 78 63 TABLE V PATIENTS WITH PENETRATING NECK INJURIES WHO DIED DURING TREATMENT Zone of Injured Associated No.
trunk, costocervical and internal mammary artery) has proved successful.
trunk can also cooperate with the irrigation of the cervical region, occurrence observed in armadillo as well as in man (Jacob et al.