pharyngitis

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pharyngitis

 [far″in-ji´tis]
inflammation of the pharynx; called also sore throat. adj., adj pharyngit´ic.

Acute pharyngitis usually appears suddenly and runs its course in a few days or a week. Symptoms, more severe in children, are dry, sore throat, fatigue, and mild fever. Often, swallowing is painful, the head aches, and there is a harsh cough and a persistent desire to clear the throat. The throat frequently becomes swollen and covered with a thick mucous material. Sometimes there is pain in the ears, or hoarseness.

The American College of Physicians and American Society of Internal Medicine have published Clinical Practice Guidelines on Principles of Appropriate Antibiotic Use for Acute Pharyngitis in Adults. They recommend that any adult with pharyngitis should be offered analgesics, antipyretics, and other supportive care. Prescriptions of antimicrobials should be limited to those patients most likely to have group A beta-hemolytic Streptococcus.

Chronic pharyngitis is the result of continuous reinfection or chronic irritation of exposed parts of the throat. It is similar to acute pharyngitis, but less severe. The simple catarrhal form can be caused by smoking, dust, smog, or constant breathing through the mouth.

Pharyngitis may also occur as part of an early stage of a disease such as scarlet fever, measles, or whooping cough. Symptomatic treatment includes hot saline gargles, liquid diet, and an increase in fluid intake. Antibiotics may be prescribed when a bacterial infection is present.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

phar·yn·gi·tis

(far'in-jī'tis),
Inflammation of the mucous membrane and underlying parts of the pharynx.
[pharyng- + G. -itis, inflammation]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

pharyngitis

(făr′ĭn-jī′tĭs)
n.
Inflammation of the pharynx.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

pharyngitis

Sore throat ENT Inflammation of the oropharyngeal mucosa, most often viral infection–95% or by bacteria–5% Etiology acute Group A streptococcus, aka strep throat Etiology chronic Caused by a continuing infection of the sinuses, lungs, or mouth; or by irritation from smoking, heavily polluted air, alcohol, or by swallowing substances that scald, corrode or irritate throat. See Strep throat, Throat culture.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

phar·yn·gi·tis

(far'in-jī'tis)
Inflammation of the mucous membrane and underlying parts of the pharynx.
[Mod. L. fr. G. pharynx, throat + G. -itis, inflammation]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

pharyngitis

Inflammation of the PHARYNX causing a sore throat and discomfort in swallowing, and often enlarged LYMPH NODES in the neck. Pharyngitis is most commonly caused by virus infection as part of a common cold, but is sometimes caused by bacteria, such as streptococci, Corynebacterium diphtheriae or other organisms. Persistent pharyngitis may be caused by smoking or excessive drinking of strong alcohol. Very severe pharyngitis may endanger life by causing OEDEMA of the LARYNX. Treatment is necessary in severe or persistent cases and antibiotics may be given after a throat swab has been taken for bacterial culture.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

Pharyngitis

Inflammation of the throat, accompanied by dryness and pain. Pharyngitis caused by a streptococcal infection is the usual trigger of Sydenham's chorea.
Mentioned in: Sydenham's Chorea
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

phar·yn·gi·tis

(far'in-jī'tis)
Inflammation of mucous membrane and underlying parts of pharynx.
[Mod. L. fr. G. pharynx throat + G. -itis, inflammation]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012

Patient discussion about pharyngitis

Q. Is it really necessary to take antibiotic the whole week? Three days ago my 10 years-old son had a sore throat, after a very short examination the doctor said my son has pharyngitis and that he has to take antibiotics for ten days. He took it for two days and now he no long has any sore throat- Why does he have to take the antibiotic for so long? I don’t want him to take too many medications…

A. In order to prevent the complications that the simple sore throat may have in the future, it’s very important to take the medication the whole 10 days. Even though it seems it’s no longer necessary- it is.

More discussions about pharyngitis
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Primary endpoints were the number of times the tube/ devices were successfully position at the first intubation attempt, the number of malpositions, the time required to achieve optimal position verified by FOB, oxygenation, quality of lung collapse and surgical field exposure; Secondary outcome were incidence of hoarseness of voice and incidence and severity of throat pain.
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