thoracic nerves

(redirected from Thoracic spinal cord)

thoracic nerves

the 12 pairs of spinal nerves emerging from the spinal cord at the level of the thorax, including 11 intercostal nerves and one subcostal nerve. They are distributed mainly to the walls of the thorax and the abdomen. The thoracic nerves do not enter a plexus but follow independent courses, making them different from other spinal nerves. The first two intercostal nerves innervate the upper limb and the thorax; the next four supply only the thorax; and the lower five supply the walls of the thorax and the abdomen. Each subcostal thoracic nerve innervates the abdominal wall and the skin of a buttock. See also autonomic nervous system.
References in periodicals archive ?
In a previous Phase 1 clinical trial, five patients with neurologically complete, thoracic spinal cord injury were administered two million AST-OPC1 cells at the spinal cord injury site 7-14 days post-injury.
The foundation for the clinical trial comes from results from the phase I clinical trial of AST-OPC1, which met its primary endpoints of safety and feasibility when administered to five patients with neurologically complete, thoracic spinal cord injury.
In adults, cavernomatous malformations occur mostly in thoracic spinal cord while in children they occur with even distribution in the thoracic and cervical spinal cord.
The open-label, multisite study, will enroll up to eight patients with thoracic spinal cord injuries (T2-T12), who have an American Spinal Injury Association (ASIS) A level of impairment, between one and two years after injury.
This distribution probably reflects the greater length of the thoracic spinal cord more than anything else.
Necropsy confirmed the diagnosis of sarcoidosis, which involved extensively the heart, thoracic spinal cord, and hilar lymph nodes (only one of which was enlarged), and minimally the lung and kidney.
The injury zone of the thoracic spinal cord extracted after euthanasia at 15 weeks had a more myelinated appearance, that is, whiter and less translucent, in the rats that had received prolonged NRM stimulation than in the implant-control group (Figure 3).
314) Acute Cervical or High Thoracic Spinal Cord Injury: Pathophysiology and Assessment Karen McQuillan, MS RN CCRN CNRN
Zipes and his associates recently documented a major reduction in ischemic ventricular arrhythmias with thoracic spinal cord stimulation in dogs with healed MI and superimposed heart failure.
Magnetic resonance imaging of the upper lumbar and lower thoracic spine demonstrated an epidural hematoma extending from T8-T12 with displacement and mild compression of the lower thoracic spinal cord.
Geron is conducting a Phase 1 clinical trial to assess the safety of GRNOPC1 in patients with complete, thoracic spinal cord injuries.

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