Morgan, Thomas Hunt

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Morgan, Thomas Hunt

(1866–1945) American zoologist who was a founder of modern genetics. He first used the fruit fly Drosophila as an experimental animal, discovering SEX LINKAGE in 1910, together with a simple method of mapping genes on the same chromosome (see GENETIC LINKAGE), the units of distance being called centimorgans originally
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

Morgan,

Thomas Hunt, U.S. zoologist, 1866-1945, 1933 Nobel Prize winner for work related to chromosomes and their relation to heredity.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Allen, Thomas Hunt Morgan: The Man and His Science (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1978); John A.
Working with embryologist Thomas Hunt Morgan in the legendary "fly room" at Columbia, Sturtevant arranged the ordered sequence of genes for eye color, wing shape, body size, and other characteristics based on their appearance in consecutive generations of Drosophila.
More importantly, though the rediscovery of Mendel's work in 1900 and Thomas Hunt Morgan's work on the genetics of the fruit fly prompted scientists to distinguish heredity more sharply from environmental influence, in public discourse heredity continued to be seen as a putative cause for virtually all human traits and behaviors.