third-generation cephalosporin


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.

third-generation cephalosporin

Any of a group of cephalosporin antibiotics capable of killing aerobic gram-negative rods. They are used to treat pneumonia and meningitis. Some agents, i.e., ceftazidime and cefoperazone, are very effective against against Pseudomonas aeruginosa Examples of third-generation cephalosporins are cefsulodin, cefotaxime, ceftizoxime, ceftriaxone, cefoperazone, moxalactam, and ceftazidime.
See also: cephalosporin
References in periodicals archive ?
[1] Together with the results of our study, this supports limiting the use of ampicillin, in combination with a third-generation cephalosporin, to neonates <1 month of age suspected of having severe infection and requiring meningitis cover.
baumannii infections were associated with high levels of third-generation cephalosporin resistance (90%) but a low mortality rate (3%) despite only 48% of patients having received appropriate antimicrobials.
Fernandez-Crehuet et al., "Trends in yearly prevalence of third-generation cephalosporin and fluoroquinolone resistant Enterobacteriaceae infections and antimicrobial use in Spanish hospitals, Spain, 1999 to 2010," Eurosurveillance, vol.
Postoperatively, a third-generation cephalosporin and steroid were given.
Nosocomial outbreaks of infections caused by ESBL-producing gram-negative bacteria have also been reported, which are mainly the result of extensive and inappropriate use of third-generation cephalosporins. Majority of ESBL-producing organisms are E.
We are urging legislative change along these lines because this is a major expense - a day's worth of a third-generation cephalosporin can wipe out a nursing home's per diem, and nursing homes just don't have the money for this.
According to the study, azithromycin will continue to account for greater gains in the gonorrhea treatment market, closely trailed by the third-generation cephalosporin that are increasing gaining traction.
Avibactam is a non-beta-lactam beta-lactamase inhibitor which protects ceftazidime, a third-generation cephalosporin, against degradation by certain beta-lactamases without decreasing the activity of ceftazidime against ceftazidime-susceptible organisms.
For children with non-type 1 penicillin hypersensitivity or mild type 1 hypersensitivity, a second-or third-generation cephalosporin, such as cefuroxime, cefpodoxime, or cefdinir, can be considered, she said.
Sack, "Extended-spectrum [beta]-lactamase-mediated third-generation cephalosporin resistance in Shigella isolates in Bangladesh," Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, vol.
It consists of ceftazidime, a third-generation cephalosporin and an established and respected treatment for serious Gram-negative bacterial infections, and avibactam, a non-?
Early surgery is critical for treating necrotizing fasciitis, and empiric broad-spectrum intravenous antibiotic therapy--such as a combination of a third-generation cephalosporin, penicillin or cloxacillin, an aminoglycoside, and either clindamycin or metronidazole--should be initiated immediately.

Full browser ?