carbamate

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car·ba·mate

(kar'bă-māt),
1. A salt or ester of carbamic acid forming the basis of urethane hypnotics.
2. A group of cholinesterase-inhibiting insecticides resembling organophosphates, carbaril.
Synonym(s): carbamoate

car·ba·mate

(kahr'bă-māt)
1. A salt or ester of carbamic acid, forming the basis of urethane hypnotics.
See also: physostigmine
2. A class of compounds that reversibly inhibit the enzyme acetylcholinesterase. Some are used as insecticides, others as medicines. One, pyridostigmine, is a preexposure antidotal enhancer (often incorrectly called "pretreatment") against the nerve agent soman; another, physostigmine, is used as an antidote to anticholinergic incapacitating agents.
Synonym(s): carbamoate.

carbamate

a type of insecticide, related to the organophosphates, the first of which (carbaryl) was introduced in 1956.
References in periodicals archive ?
The compounds O-ethyl-p-hydroxybenzene carbamate and O-methyl-4-[(2',3',4'-tri-O-acetyl-a-L-rhamnosyloxy)benzyl] thiocarbamate must also be added to the previously mentioned substances as isolates from leaf extracts of M.
Gilani, "Fully acetylated carbamate and hypotensive thiocarbamate glycosides from Moringa oleifera" Phytochemistry, vol.
Ohigashi, "Niaziminin, a thiocarbamate from the leaves of Moringa oleifera, holds a strict structural requirement for inhibition of tumor-promoter-induced epstein-barr virus activation," Planta Medica, vol.
Although many of the results shown in Table 2 are not statistically significant, preconception exposure to glyphosate, triazines, thiocarbamates, herbicides, fungicides, and miscellaneous pesticides moderately increased the risk for all spontaneous abortions (< 20 weeks).
At nodes 8 and 9, we observed a three-way interaction effect among maternal age, triazines, and thiocarbamates, indicating that a pregnant woman 35 years or older who was exposed to both triazines and thiocarbamates before conception had a nearly 8-fold increase in risk over those exposed to triazines only.
Three aryl ureas (compounds I, IV, and VI) proved to be potent in vitro inhibitors for all enzymes tested, whereas the screened carbamates (VII and VIII) and thiocarbamates (IX-XI) were poor inhibitors.
Usage of selected urea, carbamate, and thiocarbamate pesticides.
HF (5 yr) EARTH H glyphosate, paraquat; F benomyl, bitertanol, di- thiocarbamate, hexaco- nazole, mancozeb, propiconazole, tebuco- nazole, tridemorph.