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A genus of bacteria (order Mycoplasmatales) that possesses the same characteristics as the organisms in the genus Mycoplasma except that the thermoplasmas do not require sterol for growth, have an optimal temperature of 55-59°C, have an optimal pH of 1.0-2.0, and reproduce by budding. The type species is Thermoplasma acidophilum.
[thermo- + G. plasma, something formed]


, pl.


(ther'mō-plaz'mă, -plaz'mah-tă),
A vernacular term used to refer to any member of the genus Thermoplasma.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Danson, "Thermostability and thermoactivity of citrate synthases from the thermophilic and hyperthermophilic archaea, Thermoplasma acidophilum and Pyrococcus furiosus," Journal of Molecular Biology, vol.
Archaeosomes originated from certain archa-ea such as Msmithil and Thermoplasma acid-ophilum are more stable due to high percentage of caldarchaeols in their structures (17).
Quantitative proteome and transcriptome analysis of the archaeon Thermoplasma acidophilwn cultured under aerobic and anaerobic conditions.
extremophile Thermoplasma acidophilum (Viestra & Haug, 1978; Akeson
physical properties of membrane lipids in Thermoplasma acidophilum.
Thermoplasma acidophilum, Aeropyrum pernix, and Halobacterium sp.
Not all of the archae, especially Halobacterium and to a lesser extent Thermoplasma acidophilum and Aeropyrum pernix, have a clearly defined SD region.
NRC-1 TAC Archaea Euryarchaeota Thermoplasma acidophilum TVO Archaea Euryarchaeota Thermoplasma volcanium GSS1 PHO Archaea Euryarchaeota Pyrococcus horikoshii OT3 PAB Archaea Euryarchaeota Pyrococcus abyssi GE5 PFU Archaea Euryarchaeota Pyrococcus furiosus DSM 3638 APE Archaea Crenarcheota Aeropyrum pernix K1 SSO Archaea Crenarcheota Sulfolobus solfataricus STO Archaea Crenarcheota Sulfolobus tokodaii strain7 PAI Archaea Crenarchaeota Pyrobaculum aerophilum 1M2 * Indicates pathogenic bacteria.
A genomic library of Thermus ruber was screened with labeled genomic DNA from the archaeon Thermoplasma acidophilum.

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