Badgers in Bialowieza Primeval Forest prefer cambisols or entic podzols of fresh moisture, made of loamy sands on ablation moraines or eolic dunes, with potential vegetation of thermophilous
oak-hornbeam forest or fresh pine-oak mixed forest in the distance of 2 km from the nearest active main setts, and they avoid vicinity of roads, open areas or built-up areas for settling their setts.
The pollen assemblage zones (Ha 1-3) at Haljala are quite similar to that of Visusti (central Estonia): total content of AP about 70%, NAP about 30%, pine pollen dominating over birch, and a notable percentage of thermophilous
taxa (Pirrus & Raukas 1996).
The pollen record is dominated by deciduous tree types, some of thermophilous
Grey alder shares the broad climatic relationships of birch, but it is more shade intolerant and thermophilous
and restricted to sites with almost bare mineral soil.
Ground juniper is the most thermophilous
taxon of the shrub-tundra assemblage of zone T2, since today it extends only slightly beyond the northern limit of trees, and then only at favorable microhabitats such as south-facing river bluffs (Porsild and Cody 1980).
The role of central Italy as a centre of refuge for thermophilous
plants in the late Cenozoic.
Probably, low summer temperatures delayed the expansion of more thermophilous
tree taxa like elm, Ulmus glabra, lime tree, Tilia cordata, or oak, Quercus robur in Central Europe.
The north of Gran Canaria, where the laurel forests and the thermophilous
forest develop, has only very recently been the focus of recovery efforts.
The evolution of the temperature can be divided in three periods: one short period (2 to 3 days) characterized by an augmentation of the temperature, followed by a thermophilous
phase of 25 days when the temperature remains high between 50[degrees]C and 70[degrees]C for the wind-rows rich in manure (F2, F3, F4 and F5) and between 40[degrees]C and 50[degrees]C for the F1 wind-row and finishes by a cooling phase which lasts approximately 15 days; the temperature fall to values of 25[degrees]C to 35[degrees]C close to the ambient temperature after 42 days of composting (figure.
cucullata, which is one of the most thermophilous
cladocerans in Lake Peipsi.
The absence of grazing in particular led to scrub encroachment and natural woodland succession throughout the open plains in the Forest, causing major declines in floristic and thermophilous
insect diversity (Rackham 1986).
1991; Karaman 1995; Komposch 1997a, 1999, 2001; Komposch & Gruber 2004), thermophilous
(Pfeifer 1956), or as a montane forest species (Starega 1976).