Especially suffered Poaceae, Cyperaceae, Artemisia, and Chenopodiaceae; constituents of thermophilous trees Quercetum mixtum and Picea disappeared from the pollen spectra.
The pollen assemblage zones (Ha 1-3) at Haljala are quite similar to that of Visusti (central Estonia): total content of AP about 70%, NAP about 30%, pine pollen dominating over birch, and a notable percentage of thermophilous taxa (Pirrus & Raukas 1996).
The pollen record is dominated by deciduous tree types, some of thermophilous
The north of Gran Canaria, where the laurel forests and the thermophilous
forest develop, has only very recently been the focus of recovery efforts.
cucullata, which is one of the most thermophilous
cladocerans in Lake Peipsi.
1991; Karaman 1995; Komposch 1997a, 1999, 2001; Komposch & Gruber 2004), thermophilous
(Pfeifer 1956), or as a montane forest species (Starega 1976).
virosa is a thermophilous
species distributed from lowland to submontane regions (central France to 1000 m; Wallis (Switzerland) to 1560 m;
The latest investigations of macrofossils from the Scandes Mountains have shown that thermophilous
broadleaved trees arrived there considerably earlier than has been concluded on the basis of microfossil (pollen) records (Kullmann 1998).
alder -- Alnus Miller), including both thermophilous
elements and species which were probably concentrated in the river valleys.
Pons and Vernet (1971) refer to Quercus ilex as the main element of a thermophilous
vegetation during the Lateglacial Interstadial and the onset of the Holocene, after the Pin us dominance.
The percentage of Mediterranean (M) species decreases gradually from north (1) to south (5), the proportion of the M-IT chorotype remains relatively constant, and the desert (SA and IT) and thermophilous
The specificity of the Rhine fungi flora [high species richness, with a particular abundance in calciphilous and thermophilous
species, (Carbiener, 1981)] is a direct response to the particular environment of the floodplain.