Theory of Unpleasant Symptoms


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Theory of Unpleasant Symptoms

A nursing theory conceived by E. R. Lenz proposing that patients perceive illnesses and challenging treatments as clusters of noxious symptoms that both individually and jointly impact their experience of illness, their emotional distress, and their functional abilities. As illness and treatment progress, symptoms change and have varying impacts on each other and on the patient's quality of life.
References in periodicals archive ?
It also affects quality of life by restricting individuals' daily activities and lifestyle, and causing distortions in their mental health.7,8 So, this study used the Theory of Unpleasant Symptoms (TOUS) and Symptom Management Theory to understand patients' symptoms and coping methods.
Collaborative Development of Middle-Range Nursing Theories: Toward a Theory of Unpleasant Symptoms. Adv Nurs Sci.
In our study, we chose to conceptualize risk factors more holistically by adopting the Theory of Unpleasant Symptoms as a framework.
The Middle-Range Theory of Unpleasant Symptoms (Lenz et al., 1997; Lenz, Suppe, Gift, Pugh, & Milligan, 1995) is a model used to describe a variety of symptoms.