Theory of Interpersonal Relations

Theory of Interpersonal Relations

A nursing theory developed by Hildegard Peplau that identifies the three phases of the interpersonal process between the nurse and the patient: orientation, working, and termination. In this theory, the goal of nursing is to resolve the patient's perceived health difficulties.
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As described by Washington (2013), Peplau's theory of interpersonal relations was originally intended to help nurses intervene more intelligently and sensitively in situations with patients.
Improving subject recruitment, retention, and participation in research through Peplau's theory of interpersonal relations.
They include the environmental model of nursing, transpersonal caring, clinical wisdom, the behavioral system model, the Neuman systems model, the theory of interpersonal relations, nursing process theory, the health promotion model, the parent-child interaction model, self-transcendence theory, the theory of caring, and others.
As nursing theorist Hildegard Peplau stresses in her Theory of Interpersonal Relations, the nurse-patient relationship is a "significant, therapeutic interpersonal process", and nurses' ability to understand their own behaviour so they can help others identify perceived difficulties is paramount in nursing care.
They describe the components of nursing knowledge, including the metaparadigm, philosophies, conceptual models, theories, empirical indicators, and their relationship; strategies used to implement models and theories in real-world nursing; specific models and their analysis and evaluation, such as the behavioral system model, the conservation model, the science of unitary beings model, and the adaptation model; and nursing theories and their analysis and evaluation, including the theory of health as expanding consciousness, the theory of the deliberative nursing process, the theory of interpersonal relations, and the theory of human caring.
By examining Peplau's Theory of Interpersonal Relations, nephrology nurses can learn to better understand themselves and, in turn, develop more appropriate therapeutic patient relationships.
Although the relevance of nursing theory to clinical practice may not be evident to all practicing nurses, it is clear that Orem's Self-Care Model, Neuman's System Model and Peplau's Theory of Interpersonal Relations can assist nursing to articulate its practice.

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