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a stimulus that leads to a reduction in a behavioural response or, more generally, a stimulus that an organism seeks to avoid or escape. Often erroneously referred to as negative reinforcement. See also conditioning, reinforcement.


the use of an undesirable stimulus to modify or prevent an undesirable behavior.

Patient discussion about punishment

Q. Last week my younger son Frank, was punished in school because of kicking and throwing things at students... This is Donald, Last week my younger son Frank, was punished in school because of kicking and throwing things at teacher and on a few students. I don’t know why he behaved like that. I got tensed when I heard about this. What to do with him?

A. Well I think it depends whether or not this is a constant behaviour by your son, or it was only a one time event that he had an explanation for. If he tends to get angry and use violence a lot, you should take action, and let him know this is not acceptable by any means. Counsling might work best. If this was a one time thing, you should let your son know this should not happen again, and try preventing him from day to day activities such as meeting friends or using the computer if this happens again.

More discussions about punishment
References in periodicals archive ?
As the previous Section pointed out, the exclusionary rule fulfills these criteria under a range of morally coherent theories of punishment.
Utilitarian theories of punishment hold that an infliction of
This understanding mutes any difference, for my purposes, between expressive and communicative theories of punishment (though adherents to communicative theories of punishment may be more receptive to the arguments advanced in this Part of the Article).
the traditional theories of punishment (retributivist, utilitarian, or
The literature devoted to theories of punishment identifies four primary justifications (17) for punishment: incapacitation, deterrence, rehabilitation, and retribution.
After detailing the sentencing statistics for the tribunals and the domestic court systems, Drumbl shifts from a penological analysis to a criminological one, (22) lucidly outlining the justifications for punishment in the context of international and national law and pointing out the varying theories of punishment at play in the sentencing schemes.
It has long been a key tenet of retributive theories of punishment.
Theories of punishment based upon an idea of corrective justice provide an explanation of the principle of proportionality, namely, that punishment should fit the crime.
at 520 ("[WC] cannot accommodate utilitarian theories of punishment.
The unfair manner in which the criminal "justice" system works against offenders from deprived backgrounds has led some of the most eminent commentators on punishment to retract or rethink their theories of punishment.
Yet the most influential theories of punishment deprecate these sentiments classifying them as mere vengefulness.