Matthew Effect

(redirected from The Matthew Effect)
An allegorical term applied to the observation that an eminent scientist—e.g., a Nobel laureate—or other person of renown will receive a disproportionate amount of credit for a discovery, despite a relatively small contribution to the ultimate success of a project
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Merton to describe the phenomenon of advantage resulting in further advantage and disadvantage, which yields continued circumstances described as The Matthew Effect.
Previous studies on the dynamic changes in learning achievement have found that there is an obvious phenomenon of the strong getting stronger and the weak getting weaker, known as the Matthew effect in learning performance (Bodovski & Farkas, 2007; McNamara, Scissons & Dahleu, 2005; Pfost, Dorfler & Artelt, 2012).
While large developers have been hurt, the situation is even worse for the smaller ones as the Matthew effect of the rich getting richer and the poor getting poorer is gradually becoming evident.
The Matthew effect theory is acknowledged as offering a highly plausible explanation of reading development (Cain & Oakhill, 2011; Kempe, Eriksson-Gustavsson, & Samuelsson, 2011; Mol & Bus, 2011; Sideridis, 2011).
The analysis found support for the Matthew Effect which discusses skewed distributions, i.
See Ali, Bhattacharyya, and Olejniczak (2010) for an empirical analysis of the Matthew Effect in the awarding of federal research grants.
The latter explanation has been termed the Matthew effect (Merton, 1973) and is discussed next.
This gap is another manifestation of what sociologist Robert Merton labeled the Matthew effect, ever widening gulfs between individuals with certain resources and those without.
Stanovich (1986) put forth the Matthew effect theory as an etiological account of children's identification as having learning disabilities.
While this trend, known as the Matthew Effect (Stanovich, 1986), seems to occur with any type of joint book reading experience, exceptions can be found in the extant literature.
Essentially, the idea behind the Matthew Effect is that initial advantage begets future advantage (i.
Moreover, because anxiety debilitates individual performance in research methodology courses (Onwuegbuzie, 1997a), the present finding regarding the role of anxiety on group outcomes helps to explain the Matthew effect found by Onwuegbuzie et al.