Gaia hypothesis

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Gaia hypothesis

(gī′ə)
n.
1. A hypothesis stating that Earth's biota constitute a single interconnected system that affects or determines the physical and chemical conditions within the biosphere, including such conditions as global temperatures, the composition of the atmosphere, and the salinity of seawater.
2. Any of various related hypotheses stating that this system is self-regulating, as through feedback loops, or that it constitutes a living organism, in either case acting to maintain stable conditions that are optimal for the continuation of life.
Gaia is the theoretical opposite of Darwinism; it postulates that living organisms control and modify the relative compositions of the sea, air, and environment
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And it may even help us to better trace connections between dimethylsulfide emissions and sulfate aerosols, ultimately testing a coupling in the Gaia hypothesis," Farquhar added.
The Gaia hypothesis -- first articulated by James Lovelock and Lynn Margulis in the 1970s -- holds that Earth's physical and biological processes are inextricably connected to form a self-regulating, essentially sentient, system.
He evokes the Gaia hypothesis to explain that these millions of organizations and the passionate individuals involved in them are acting as an immune system fighting off disease.
I will summarize the various schools of contemporary environmental ethics, including anthropocentric and biocentric theories, the Gaia hypothesis, and other current variations.
At age 87, James Lovelock remains the indefatigable proponent of the Gaia hypothesis, which depicts Earth as a living entity.
The Gaia hypothesis is a rather radical conception of co-evolution of biology and geology.
Evolution of organizational cultures as selection by consequences: The Gaia hypothesis, metacontingencies, and organizational ecology.
As Jim Lovelock, originator of the Gaia hypothesis, has observed, "Although the weight of the oceans is 250 times that of the atmosphere, it is only one part in 4,000 of the weight of the Earth.
Lovelock, working with biologist Lynn Margulis of Boston University, the Gaia hypothesis states that life has regulated and stabilized the environment, keeping it within the narrow bounds that allow life to continue.
Among the topics are whether the Gaia hypothesis brings myth back to the world, meaning and purpose in evolutionary biology, religious cognition and the brain, evidence of religious beliefs in early childhood, toward a naturalist theology of religions, and religion and the ecosphere.