fall

(redirected from The Fall)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Financial, Idioms, Encyclopedia.

fall

 [fawl]
a coming down freely, usually under the influence of gravity.
risk for f's a nursing diagnosis accepted by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as increased susceptibility to falling that may cause physical harm.

fall

Drug slang
verb A regional term meaning to get arrested (for drug-related crime).

Public health
noun A precipitous drop from a height, or from a higher to a lower position, which is often accompanied by injuries.
 
Epidemiology
30% of those > 65 years old fall/year; 10–15% suffer injuries, such as fractures of the hip (1%) and other sites (5%), and soft tissue injuries (5%); it is the 6th-leading cause of death in the elderly.
 
Risk factors
Postural hypotension; use of sedatives; use of 4+ prescription medicines; impaired arm or leg movement, strength, balance or gait; fall survivors suffer from functional decline in activities of daily living and a increased risk of institutionalisation.

Management
Fall risk in the elderly can be decreased with exercise and endurance, flexibility, dynamic balance and resistance training, behaviour modification, and adjustment of medications.

fall

Public health A precipitous drop from a height, or from a higher position, which may be accompanied by injuries Epidemiology 30% of those > 65 yrs old fall/yr; 10-15% suffer injuries–eg, hip Fx–1% and other sites–5%, and soft tissue injuries–5%; it is the 6th leading cause of death in the elderly Risk factors Postural hypotension, use of sedatives, use of 4+ prescription medicines, impaired arm or leg movement, strength, balance, or gait; fall survivors suffer from functional decline in ADL and a ↑ risk of institutionalization; fall risk in the elderly can be ↓ with exercise and endurance, flexibility, dynamic balance, and resistance training, behavior modification, adjustment of medications
References in periodicals archive ?
The mixed ward setting may also increase the fall risk of elderly patients.
Reliability and validity of the Turkish version of the Falls Efficacy Scale International (FES-I) in community-dwelling older persons.
The effectiveness of the program will continue to be evaluated to ensure that unit staff receive the necessary education to navigate the fall prevention program and that patients are being provided safe, high-quality care guided by evidence-based nursing.
It exposed only the falls incidents over one year in different hospitals, taking into consideration their falls reporting protocol.
Agriculture, forestry, fishing, and hunting, while accounting only for 4.2 percent of the fall injuries, had a rate of 20.3 cases per 10,000 full-time workers.
Three different detection algorithms with increasing complexity were investigated using two or more of the following phases of a fall event: start of the fall, falling velocity, fall impact, and posture after the fall.
Figures 5, 6, 7, and 8 show the ROC curves of the fall detection obtained from the simple threshold using the double parameters of [A.sub.SVM] and [theta], [A.sub.DSVM] and [theta], [A.sub.GSVM] and [theta], and [A.sub.GDSVM] and [theta], respectively, as shown in Algorithm 1.
The risk assessment tool includes areas to note, such as how many falls, type of fall, if the patient was alone, if assistive devices were used, vision problems, living arrangements, and what could have prevented the fall (see Figure 1).
The fall risk factors identified in this practice parameter include disorders of gait and balance, use of assistive devices to ambulate, lower extremity weakness, or sensory loss.
The fall protection hierarchy details the preferred methods of controlling a fall hazard.
* www.stopfalls.org: The Web site of the Fall Prevention Center of Excellence was created by the California Fall Prevention Consortium.
They also suggest that if hospitals want to know how to prevent falls, their fall reporting systems should collect more descriptive information, including the patient's name, the hospital unit, location, a description of the fall, and the outcome.