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a strategy that directs a researcher in planning and implementing a study in a way that is most likely to achieve the intended goal.
case study design an investigation strategy involving extensive exploration of a single unit of study, which may be a person, family, group, community, or institution, or a very small number of subjects who are examined intensively. The number of variables is usually very large.
cohort design longitudinal design.
cross-sectional design a research strategy in which one or more group(s) of subjects are studied at one given point in time.
experimental design a research design that eliminates all factors that influence outcome except for the cause being studied (independent variable). All other factors are controlled by randomization, investigator-controlled manipulation of the independent variable, and control of the study situation by the investigator, including the use of control groups.
longitudinal design a research strategy in which one or more group(s) of subjects in various stages of development are examined simultaneously with the intent of inferring trends over time. The assumption is that the phenomenon under study progresses with time. Called also cohort design.
methodological design a process used to develop the validity and reliability of instruments to measure constructs used as variables in research.
nonequivalent control group design a study design in which the control group is not selected by random means.
partial correlation design a design developed to eliminate the influence of a third variable on a relational pattern by holding it constant mathematically, so that the magnitude of the relationship between the two remaining variables can be determined.
path analysis design a design to determine the accuracy of a theoretical model: a hypothesized causal model is developed from the theoretical model and the major variables within it are measured and relationships among them determined; regression analysis is used to determine whether the data are consistent with the model.
survey design a design in which data are collected with questionnaires or through personal interviews with members of an identified population.
time dimensional design an investigation strategy for the examination of sequence and patterns of change, growth, or trends across time; see also prospective study and retrospective study.
trend design a research strategy to examine changes in the general population in relation to a particular phenomenon by means of data collected at predetermined intervals of time from different samples selected from the general population.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.


(1) See Design configuration (clinical trials).
(2) A design for an application to support an action on electronic records (eClinical trials).
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.


See Double-masked design, Enrichment design, Experimental design, Masked study design, Open design, Rational molecular design, Single-masked design, Structure-based design, Universal design, Zelen design.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


1. To devise, plan, or contrive.
2. the act or result of designing.
[L. designo, to appoint, designate]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

Patient discussion about design

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Q. How to design and run a Ambulance Service effectively. Different Models, Costs, Safety features, Planning, Strategy, Promotions, Partnerships, Risks etc...

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References in periodicals archive ?
The interface between the LCA tools and the 3D modeling tools therefore needs to be streamlined for all to use directly and easily in the design process. The 3D models are also far from perfect.
Part three, "Putting Theory into Practice," provides a nice flow chart illustrating how the design process can dovetail with the creative processes introduced in the previous chapter.
Another change to the original methodical design method is the intensified use of morphological charts developed by Zwicky (1948a) to support design activities in the design process (Savanovic 2009).
Presented methodology includes phases which can be done before as well as during the design process. Methodology is also filled up by sub actions which are used for selection of single building components.
As the data set evolves and changes throughout the design process, the data management system aims to provide everyone involved with access to the correct and current version of design information, while simultaneously managing and tracking changes.
Quite often in my experience, managing the design process needs to be as creative as the design itself, so particular experience of procuring community design projects is essential.
It is essential to begin every LEED project with sustainable client goals, since the particular goals determine the design process. If a goal is to complete a Certified LEED facility on a tight budget, then obviously the team should not investigate those LEED credits that are the most expensive.
This use of robotics also simplified the design process, Matusch says.
The submissions will not only be judged by a jury of international design masters, they will be put up for public scrutiny at various forums and exhibitions where people will get the chance to offer their views and be part of the design process.
Grinning Moon understands that your first priority is running your business, so the design process moves at your pace.
People & Places describes the design process of three different types of places, examines the present state of "place making", precendents from the past, and the rapid cultural changes of the postindustrial electronic age.