Such cavities are known to occur following the resolution of sub-ILM bleed due to various cause including Valsalva retinopathy, (2) Terson syndrome, and also in some retinitis (3) cases.
Keywords: Valsalva retinopathy, Terson syndrome, sub-internal limiting membrane cavity, central serous chorioretinopathy, retinitis
Patient number 3 had a bilateral Terson syndrome due to subarachnoid hemorrhage, but no further cardiovascular risk factors were diagnosed.
postop IOP NA NA Type of vascular Venous branch Anterior ischemic occlusion occlusion optic neuropathy Day of onset 2 27 Ocular risk factor None None Medical risk factors Terson syndrome Diabetes mellitus type II, arterial hypertension Case number 5 6 Sex Female Female Age 63 75 Indication Rhegmatogenous RD MH Surgical procedure Meridional buckling PPV, ILM peeling, procedure, cryopexy C2F6 (15%) Preop BCVA (logMAR) 0.5 1.3 Final BCVA (logMAR) 0.4 0.5 Max.
Other causes are Valsalva retinopathy and Terson syndrome
(intraocular, usually vitreal, haemorrhage secondary to subarachnoid haemorrhage).
We had already excluded such cavities which are known to occur following the resolution of sub-ILM hemorrhage due to various causes including Valsalva retinopathy, (2,3) Terson syndrome
, or retinitis (4) as the author mentioned.
Strobel, "Surgical approach in Terson syndrome: vitreous and retinal findings," European Journal of Ophthalmology, vol.
Tan, "Terson syndrome with ipsilateral severe hemorrhagic retinopathy in a 7-month-old child," Journal of American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, vol.
Witherspoon, and V Mester, "Terson syndrome: Results of vitrectomy and the significance of vitreous hemorrhage in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage," Ophthalmology, vol.
Terson syndrome is a vitreous hemorrhage that occurs after intracranial hemorrhages (subarachnoid or subdural) and generally visual deficit or low vision is observed.
Key Words: Terson syndrome, subarachnoid hemorrhage, pars plana vitrectomy
Indications and results of vittectomy in Terson syndrome. Tunis Med.