In Figure 5, the pull-out force (POF) adhesion results of brass-coated steel cord in a cobalt-containing compound (the "reference system"), brass-coated steel cord in a cobalt-free compound and Cu-Zn-Co ternary alloy coated steel cord in a cobalt-free compound upon initial adhesion (RC, regular cure) and after steam aging, after 0, 160, 320 and 420 kcycles of cyclic loading, are shown.
Without dynamic loading, the level of the initial POF adhesion of the Cu-Zn-Co ternary alloy coating in a cobalt-free compound is about 10% lower than the reference system, whereas the initial APR adhesion of the different coatings in both compounds is similar and very good.
Also here, the Cu-Zn-Co ternary alloy coating in the cobalt-free compound is the best performing combination.
In this study, it has been shown that a Cu-Zn-Co ternary alloy coating, in combination with cobalt-free skim compounds, leads to several advantages:
MEP surface treatments were effective in increasing surface roughness for ternary alloys
with magnetic elements like Cu and Cr, whereas EP surface treatments were marginally less effective on binary and ternary Nitinol alloys without a magnetic ternary element.
Um, "Characterization of Pd-Cu-Ni ternary alloy
membrane prepared by magnetron sputtering and Cu-reflow on porous nickel support for hydrogen separation," Separation and Purification Technology, vol.
The influence of manganese on the microstructure and kinetics of the austenization in the Fe-Mn-C ternary alloys, which contains four grades of Mn concentration, is studied under continuous heating.
Keywords: pearlite; austenization; kinetics; the JMAK model; Fe-Mn-C ternary alloys.
Based on the combination of the DSC and the XRD data, we concluded that the ternary alloys are stable at least until 400[degrees]C since the XRD showed no phase separation to Cu-Gd and Cu-Ca binaries.
This way, ternary alloys turn out to be more stable than both binaries.
Regardless of Cu segregation, the ternary alloys seem more stable or corrosion resistant, as the amounts of [Gd.sub.2][O.sub.3] and CaO secondary phases were suppressed.
 studied microstructure parameters of plastically deformed (hand filed) Cu-1Sn-Zn ternary alloys
with zinc concentration 10-24 wt.% with X-ray diffraction line profile analysis; Nakai et al.