Temporomandibular joint disorder

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pertaining to the temporal bone and mandible.
temporomandibular joint disorder (temporomandibular joint syndrome) dysfunction of the temporomandibular joint, marked by a clicking or grinding sensation in the joint and often by pain in or about the ears, tinnitus, tiredness and slight soreness of the jaw muscles upon waking, and stiffness of the jaw or actual trismus. Numerous causes have been proposed, such as mandibular overclosure, stress, and lesions of the joint. Called also TMJ disorder or syndrome.

Treatment may include medical therapy, dental therapy, or a combination of these. Dental treatment usually involves insertion of a biteplate to prevent the teeth from meeting and grinding against one another. The biteplate relieves pain and promotes muscle relaxation and normal positioning of the mandible, which allows the inflamed joint to rest and heal. Once the inflammation has subsided and normal neuromuscular function returns, the dentist may attempt to correct malocclusion. Medical therapy may include local heat applications to improve circulation and promote relaxation, corticosteroid injections into the joint, jaw exercises, and analgesics, muscle relaxants, and antiinflammatory agents.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

Temporomandibular joint disorder

Inflammation, irritation, and pain of the jaw caused by improper opening and closing of the temporomandibular joint. Other symptoms include clicking of the jaw and a limited range of motion.
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Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Occlusal adjustment for treating and preventing temporomandibular joint disorders. The Cochrane Library 2003.
Primarily, temporomandibular joint disorders have a non-inflammatory origin, the pathological process is characterized by deterioration and abrasion of articular cartilage and local thickening of the cartilage.
Acupuncture may be no more effective than sham acupuncture in treating temporomandibular joint disorders. Journal of Evidence Based Dental Practice.
Oromandibular dystonia is a rare condition; misdiagnosis is common and may be mistaken for temporomandibular joint disorders [5-7] or other movement disorders [2,3].
These study findings show actual structural changes to the brain, which places IBS in the category of other pain disorders, such as lower back pain, temporomandibular joint disorder, migraines, and hip pain--conditions in which some of the same anatomical brain changes have been observed, as well as other changes.
He has carefully organized and presented the latest findings to update pharmacists regarding the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of all types of headaches, including migraine, tension, cluster, neurovascular and secondary headaches that are due to such factors as sinus problems, TMJD (temporomandibular joint disorder) and rebound from medications.
Temporomandibular Joint disorder, or TMJ, is caused by bite problems or trauma to the joint.
Temporomandibular Joint Disorder (TMJ) It may present with a headache.
Thus, it should not be surprising that the psychiatrist's understanding of mental illness and stress can be brought to bear to help patients with a variety of physical maladies, including temporomandibular joint disorder (TMJ).
When the pain reported by the patient lasts longer than three months, it is stated that the person has Chronic Temporomandibular Joint Disorder.
Previous studies have also reported positive association between self-reported bruxism and TMD.7,8,9 However, Marbach et al and Pullinger et al studied the association between bruxism and TMD, and both reported no significant association of bruxism with severity of muscle pain and the TMJ pain symptoms.10,11 Rossetti et al also reported no statistically significant correlation between bruxism and TMD.12 The objective of the present study was to compare signs and symptoms in temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD) patients with TMD associated with bruxism patients.
Sforza, "Surface electromyographic assessment of patients with long lasting temporomandibular joint disorder pain," Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, vol.

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