superficial temporal artery

(redirected from Temporal arteries)

su·per·fi·cial tem·po·ral ar·ter·y

[TA]
origin, a terminal branch of the external carotid (with maxillary artery); branches, transverse facial, middle temporal, orbital, parotid, anterior auricular, frontal, and parietal.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

su·per·fi·cial tem·po·ral ar·te·ry

(sū'pĕr-fish'ăl tem'pŏr-ăl ahr'tĕr-ē) [TA]
origin, a terminal branch of the external carotid (with maxillary artery); branches, transverse facial, middle temporal, orbital, parotid, anterior auricular, frontal, and parietal.
Synonym(s): arteria temporalis superficialis.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

superficial temporal artery

An end branch of the external carotid artery; it supplies blood to the scalp in front of the ear and to the parotid glands. Its branches include the transverse facial, middle temporal, anterior auricular, zygomaticoorbital, frontal, and parietal arteries.
See also: artery
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
Kiniksa Pharmaceuticals announced that it presented preclinical data on the granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor signaling pathways in temporal arteries of patients with giant cell arteritis at the European League Against Rheumatism's European Congress of Rheumatology in Madrid, Spain.
The pulsation of the carotid and superficial temporal arteries was normal bilaterally.
The walls of both ICA (Figure 2(c)), the left temporal artery (TA), and the right VA (Figure 2(d)) were thickened with contrast enhancement, so were the walls of the superficial temporal arteries (Figure 2(e)).
The external auditory canal receives its blood supply from the postauricular and superficial temporal arteries laterally and from the deep auricular artery medially.
(MS--masseter muscle; MA--maxillary artery; STA--superficial temporal artery; DTA--deep temporal arteries; BC--buccinator muscle).
Usually, GCA involves the carotid arteries and their branches, especially the temporal arteries. (4) Less commonly, locations such as the thyroid gland, tongue, lower limbs, uterus and adnexa, and breast can be involved.
When the posterior auricular is larger than usual it may be compensating for a deficiency in either the occipital or superficial temporal arteries. [14]
In giant cell arteritis, the vessels most involved are those of the head, especially the temporal arteries.
Doppler ultrasonography demonstrated that the temporal arteries were tortuous and presented diffuse intimal thickening with edema of the surrounding tissue (halo sign), and stenosis of around 75% of the light from the right temporal artery.
The remaining branches--anterior and posterior parietal, gyrus angularis, and temporal arteries arise from the posterior trunk.
A cerebral angiogram demonstrated the mass to be supplied primarily by the branches of the left middle meningeal and superficial temporal arteries (Figure 3).
GCA has a typical acute onset of new headache with constitutional symptoms and thickened, tender temporal arteries. Elevation of acute phase reactants is useful for the diagnosis and for defining disease activity (6).