taste bud

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Related to Taste buds: sense of taste

taste bud

one of a number of flask-shaped cell nests located in the epithelium of vallate, fungiform, and foliate papillae of the tongue and also in the soft palate, epiglottis, and posterior wall of the pharynx; it consists of sustentacular, gustatory, and basal cells between which the intragemmal sensory nerve fibers terminate. There are five basic types of taste, each exemplified by the substance(s) in parenthesis after their types: bitter (quinine), salty (NaCl), sour (HCl), sweet (sugars and artificial sweeteners), and umami (glutamic acid).

taste bud

n.
Any of numerous spherical or ovoid clusters of receptor cells found mainly in the epithelium of the tongue and constituting the end organs of the sense of taste.

taste bud

(tāst bŭd)
One of a number of flask-shaped cell nests located in the epithelium of vallate, fungiform, and foliate papillae of the tongue and also in the soft palate, epiglottis, and posterior wall of the pharynx; it consists of sustentacular, gustatory, and basal cells between which the intragemmal sensory nerve fibers terminate.

taste bud

One of the many spherical nests of cells containing specialized nerve endings distributed over the edges and base of the tongue. The taste buds respond to the crude flavours of substances dissolved in saliva. See also TASTE.
Taste budclick for a larger image
Fig. 293 Taste bud . Cross section of the human tongue.

taste bud

a receptor organ of taste that contains groups of slender modified epithelial cells with hair-like microvilli zwhich are clustered in a small external pore. Taste buds are associated with the mouth in vertebrates, but in fish they also occur over the body surface and on the fins. They are found on the tarsi of some insects (e.g. DIPTERANS). Humans distinguish between sweet, salt, sour and bitter tastes, using taste buds in different locations on the tongue, sweet on the front, sour on the sides, bitter on the back and salt all over. Taste depends on the relative activity of neurones that innervate the taste buds and not on any structural differences in the buds.

Schwalbe,

Gustav A., German anatomist, 1844-1916.
Schwalbe corpuscle - Synonym(s): taste bud
Schwalbe fissure
Schwalbe foramen
Schwalbe membrane
Schwalbe nucleus
Schwalbe ring - the periphery of the cornea. Synonym(s): anterior limiting ring
Schwalbe sheath
Schwalbe spaces - the spaces within the internal sheath of the optic nerve filled with cerebrospinal fluid and continuous with the subarachnoid space. Synonym(s): intervaginal space of optic nerve

taste bud

(tāst bŭd)
Several flask-shaped cell nests located in epithelium of vallate, fungiform, and foliate papillae of tongue and also in soft palate, and elsewhere. There are five basic taste classifications, each exemplified by substance(s) in parenthesis after their types: bitter (quinine), salty (NaCl), sour (HCl), sweet (sugars and artificial sweeteners), and umami (glutamic acid).
References in periodicals archive ?
Morphology of taste buds on the gill arches of the mullet Mugil cephalus, and the killifish Fundulus heteroclitus.
Developed by Paudge Donaghy and Mick Loftus in advertising agency DDFH&B, the inspiration for the campaign was to see what taste buds would be like if they were people .
He says the importance of having the taste buds in the right sense is because the taste buds are usually destroyed by strong food tastes pepper and other chemical compounds that one can get into contact with.STRONG FLAVOURS"One must avoid foods with very strong flavours, drinks with very high alcohol content or anything that can alter the taste buds," he cautionsThe importance of slurping coffee is to measure its oiliness, sweetness, acidity, flavour and the after-taste.
Another problem with testing spicy foods is that people can only test a few samples before their taste buds give out.
Cheque that President of Paisley Rotary Club Scott Fleming (left) and Elaine Templeton, owner of Taste Buds, (right) hand over the cheque to Lauren Roy-Sutherland, Renfrewshire Christmas Toy Bank founder
Guests can luxuriate amid a stylish and elegant setting with exceptional views of the Mediterranean Coast or let your taste buds dive and take a bite of the sea, with Rixos Alamein very own seafood restaurant featuring the freshest seafood selection the sea has to offer.
If we take action about what our taste buds reveal when we eat a specially delicious fruit, this can help alleviate rural poverty.
Food is tasted by our 10,000 taste buds which are located on and around the little bumps on the tongue.
A CASINO is dishing up richly flavoured food to help Wales' smokers rediscover their taste buds and curb their cravings.
It's not their taste buds she's hoping to stimulate, but those of their children with her range of organic baby food that is additive and preservative free.
And, truth be told, there's no way a low-fat ice cream is going to wow your taste buds like a full-fat Dove Bar.
Scientists have long known that different foods stimulate taste buds in our mouths in different ways.