tartar

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Related to Tartars: Genghis Khan, Cossacks

tartar

 [tahr´ter]

tar·tar

(tar'tăr),
1. A crust on the interior of wine casks, consisting essentially of potassium bitartrate.
2. A white, brown, or yellow-brown deposit at or below the gingival margin of teeth, chiefly hydroxyapatite in an organic matrix. Synonym(s): dental calculus (2)
[Mediev. L. tartarum, ult. etym. unknown]

tartar

/tar·tar/ (tahr´ter) dental calculus.

tartar

(tär′tər)
n.
Dentistry A hard yellowish deposit on the teeth, consisting of organic secretions and food particles deposited in various salts, such as calcium carbonate. Also called calculus.

tartar

[tär′tär]
Etymology: Fr, tartre
1 See calculus, def 2.
2 any of several compounds containing tartrate, the salt of tartaric acid.

calculus

Dentistry
Indurated, yellow-brown/black deposits on teeth formed by bacteria in dental plaques from mineralised calcium salts in saliva and subgingival transudates. 

Kidneys
A stone in the urinary tract.

Pathology
An abnormal, often calcium-rich mass found in various tissues, seen by light microscopy.

tartar

Calculus Dentistry Hardened gray-white preplaque goo composed of hydroxyapatite, food bacteria, which adheres to teeth after a meal; tartar and plaque cause bone inflammation around teeth known as periodontia. See Caries.

tar·tar

(tahr'tăr)
1. A white, brown, or yellow-brown deposit at or below the gingival margin of the teeth, chiefly hydroxyapatite in an organic matrix.
Synonym(s): dental calculus (2) .
2. A crust on the interior of wine casks, consisting essentially of potassium bitartrate.

tartar

See DENTAL CALCULUS.

Tartar

A hardened yellow or brown mineral deposit from unremoved plaque; also called calculus.
Mentioned in: Oral Hygiene

tar·tar

(tahr'tăr)
A white, brown, or yellow-brown deposit at or below the gingival margin of teeth, chiefly hydroxyapatite in an organic matrix.
Synonym(s): dental calculus (2) .

tartar,

tartar

1. the recrystallized sediment of wine casks; crude potassium bitartrate.
2. a yellowish film formed of calcium phosphate and carbonate, food particles, and other organic matter, deposited on the teeth by the saliva. See also dental calculus.

tartar emetic
antimony potassium tartrate; used at one time as an emetic and as a treatment for trypanosomiasis but is very poisonous and is no longer used as an animal medicine.
tartar scraper
manual or mechanical, handheld instruments used to scrape tartar (dental calculus) from the teeth of dogs. There is a variety of tips including triangle, hoe (right and left) and claw. They may be single or double ended.
References in periodicals archive ?
Now that the Crimean Parliament's initiative to annex the region to Russia will be put to a vote through a referendum to be held in mid-March, Tartars will be left to the mercy of the Russians should the results endorse annexation.
But behold, the whole army was affected by a disease which overran the Tartars and killed thousands upon thousands every day.
The outermost of Beijing's concentric rectangles housed the lower ranking civil servants and was known as the Inner City, or Tartar City (all Chinese inhabitants were driven out into the Outer City in the seventeenth century).
The Warrior name also provides a bridge to the Tartar heritage, thus providing an effective means to retain the loyalty of those who want the Tartar name to live on.
A strange (or perhaps inevitable) time, then, for this melange of La Bayadere, Le Corsaire, and Raymonda, with its good Westerners (the Polish court), evil invaders (the Tartar hordes), all-powerful Khan, pure princess (named Maria) and fiance (Vaslav), alluring harem favorite (Zarema), and a pileup of pillage, seduction, treachery, and death.
Since the start of the events in Ukraine, the vast majority of Crimean Tartars have moved in accordance with the changes afoot in Ukraine.
The Tartars took over only to have McNeal let a sure touchdown pass slip through his fingers before Marshall broke up a pass on fourth down to preserve the victory.
The Tartars also are dangerously fast on defense, Lyon said.
Despite missing three games because of injury, Tartars quarterback Chad Munson ranks fourth in the conference in total offense.
The Tartars were led by Cortlandt Florence, who gaimed 163 yards on 18 carries and scored one touchdown.
Teammate Gary Lenoir scored 14 second-half points with four 3-pointers for the Tartars (18-13).
Compton 30, Pierce 27: Donald Carpenter's 215 yards rushing and a 21-point fourth quarter wasn't enough as the Brahmas (1-5, 1-3) fell to the host Tartars (4-2, 2-2) in a Western State Conference Interdivisional game.