duty

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duty

Etymology: ME, duete, conduct
(in law) an obligation owed by one party to another. Duty may be established by statute or other legal process, as by contract or oath supported by statute, or it may be voluntarily undertaken. Every person has a duty of care to all other people to prevent causing harm or injury by negligence.

negligence

Medical malpractice The failure or alleged failure on the part of a physician or other health care provider to exercise ordinary, reasonable, usual, or expected care, prudence, or skill–that would usually and customarily be exercised by other reputable physicians treating similar Pts–in performing a legally recognized duty, resulting in forseeable harm, injury or loss to another; negligence may be an act of omission–ie, unintentional, or commission–ie, intentional, characterized by inattention, recklessness, inadvertence, thoughtlessness, or wantonness. See Adverse event, Comparative negligence, Contributory negligence, Gross negligence, Malpractice, Wanton negligence, Willful negligence. Cf Recklessness.
Negligence, required elements  
Duty A recognized relationship between Pt and physician
Breach Failure of a medical practitioner to practice in accordance with standard of care
Proximate cause The plaintiff must show that injury is reasonably connected to physician's action
Damages Plaintiff must show that alleged loss or damage has a quantifiable value such that a monetary payment can be made APLM 1997; 121:252

duty

(doo′tē, dū′)
A social, professional, legal, or ethical expectation that compels a standard of performance; an obligation or requirement.
References in periodicals archive ?
The DA official disclosed that under the formula provided by the AoA, the Philippines could impose a bound tariff rate ranging from 150 percent to 179 percent on imported rice.
Bound tariff: Bound tariff rates of manufacturing products set by WTO in %;
In Pakistan, the provincial governments do not have the authority to decide the tariff rate on power generation from coal-fired power plants and they can only facilitate the investor companies and provide them the essential logistics.
To get this high tariff rate, landowners need an Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) of at least grade D - unless their building is exempt.
Figure 4 uses the same demand curves, prices, and tariff rates as in Figure 2.
Since the evasion gap in values was far more correlated with tariff rates than the gap in quantities, we concluded that most underinvoicing took place by reporting lower values for shipped goods.
Tariff rates in Zimbabwe have been increased significantly by two GSM network operators in the country.
Official tariff rates measure tariff revenue as a percentage of imports.
has been the major supplier of malting barley and malt to Mexico, in part because of the favorable tariff rates negotiated under NAFTA.
Free trade negotiations with ASEAN are scheduled to get underway in January of 2004 and should result in a substantial decline in tariff rates by 2005.
It will also call on developing countries to cut their generally high tariff rates by setting targets, and to increase the scope of items over which they offer tariff concessions.
The administration, however, cut back the remedies to a three-year period, at the same time beefing up the level of protection within that period by lowering the quota level and imposing higher tariff rates than recommended by the ITC.