Taraxacum officinale

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Related to Taraxacum officinale: Arctium lappa


A perennial herb containing inulin, bitter principles and sesquiterpenes; the roots are rich in vitamins A and C. Chinese and Western herbalists use two different species for different indications.
Chinese herbal medicine
The entire plant has been used as an antidote, an anti-inflammatory, to dissolve blood clots, reduce swelling and promote internal secretions; dandelions have also been used for breast disease and poor lactation, colitis, food poisoning, hepatitis and other liver diseases, gallstones, kidney stones, ocular pain and swelling, snakebites, tuberculosis and urinary burning.

Flower essence therapy
An essence which is believed to provide dynamic energy and promote inner peace.
Herbal medicine
In Western herbal medicine, dandelion root is a diuretic, laxative and tonic, and has been used for poor digestion, gallbladder disease, hepatitis and other liver diseases, congestive heart failure, hypertension, menstrual pain, premenstrual syndrome and arthritic pain.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Antibacterial and antioxidant activities of ethyl acetate extract of nettle (Urtica dioica) and dandelion (Taraxacum officinale).
Compared to Peumus boldus, Cynara scolymus, Silybum marianum and Taraxacum officinale had only weak inhibitory effects.
species OM CP EE NDF ADF G1 954 131.4 27.1 325.8 251.0 G2 730 167.4 93.1 264.8 183.0 G3 835 269.2 16.0 235.2 221.3 G4 818 119.5 14.5 495.2 390.6 G5 870 151.9 24.6 311.6 283.7 G6 888 145.4 38.6 336.6 280.7 G7 832 203.4 12.9 324.2 237.8 G8 683 52.4 8.60 625.4 480.7 G1: Chamaemelum nobile, G2: Trachyspermum copticum, G3: Descurania Sophia, G4: Urtica dioica, G5: Falcaria vulgaris,G6: Tragopogon collinus, G7: Gundelia tournefortii, G8: Taraxacum officinale. OM: organic matter; CP: crude protein; EE: ether extract; ADF: acid detergent fiber; NDF: neutral detergent fiber.
Taraxacum officinale leaves were freshly collected from unpolluted site, cleaned with distilled water, homogenized in the laboratory and then immediately added to rat diet.
study, [rho]-coumaric acid ranges from 0.021 (Taraxacum officinale) mg*[g.sup.-1] to 1.25 mg*[g.sup.-1] (Juglans regia) in different selected herbs, so the T.
From the data, triploid cytotype of Taraxacum officinale shows the highest percentage of chromatin transfer from prophase-I to telophase-II (Table 2, Figure 2(a)).
Dandelion Taraxacum officinale occurred in three 1 x 1 m quadrats in 2008 and Cat'sear Hypochoeris radicata was found in seven 1 x 1 m quadrats in 2009 and in one quadrat in 2012.
Each adult was placed in a plastic dish (7 x 5.5 x 8.5 cm) with 100 [mm.sup.2] of fresh leaves of dandelion (Taraxacum officinale F.