tandem repeat

(redirected from Tandem repeats)

repeat

 [rĕ-pēt´]
something done or occurring more than once, particularly over and over.
long terminal r's identical nucleotide sequences occurring at each end of a proviral genome or a transposon and believed to be essential for integration of the molecule into host DNA.
tandem repeat appearance of two or more identicle segments close to each other within a strand of DNA.

tandem repeat

A short segment of DNA that includes duplicated genetic material.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is apparent from our recent work that ATRX binds to tandem repeats throughout the genome.
To keep things unnecessarily complicated, microsatellites are also sometimes called Short Tandem Repeats (STRs) or Simple Sequence Repeats (SSRs), although this latter term is more frequently applied in plant genetics.
* For the prenatal diagnosis of aneuploidies, short tandem repeats (STRs) have already been used.
Most environmentally induced resistance mechanisms involve tandem repeats (TRs) in the promoter region of cyp51A coupled with nonsynonymous mutations, TR34/L98H and TR46/Y121F/ T289A (1).
Whereas a significant variation among Coilia species was detected in length of the control region, mainly caused by the variable number of tandem repeats. Phylogenetic analysis was performed based on 13 concatenated mitochondrial protein-coding genes from 8 Coilia mitochondrial genomes.
Variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) analysis has emerged as an alternative method for genotyping of bacterial species isolates.
The two common types of DNA variants are short tandem repeats (STRs)--a short segment of DNA that occurs multiple times in a series--and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)--a single DNA base at a location that is different between cells or individuals.
Kutanan et al in 2014 evaluated the genetic structure and genetic affinity between Thai-Malay Muslims and Thai Buddhists by analyzing 15 autosomal short tandem repeats. They used exact STRs which were used in our study as well (6).
In B.rapa, the whole genome was triplicated and the tandem repeats were fractionated when compared with tandem repeats of B.
Research and application of Y-chromosome short tandem repeats (Y-STRs) have proven beneficial in a number of fields including paternity, anthropology, and genealogical studies [1].
Keywords Staphylococcus aureus, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) typing, multiple locus variable number of tandem repeats analysis (MLVA)
Gao, "Combination of single nucleotide polymorphism and variable-number tandem repeats for genotyping a homogenous population of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Beijing strains in China," Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol.