tandem repeat

(redirected from Tandem repeat sequences)

repeat

 [rĕ-pēt´]
something done or occurring more than once, particularly over and over.
long terminal r's identical nucleotide sequences occurring at each end of a proviral genome or a transposon and believed to be essential for integration of the molecule into host DNA.
tandem repeat appearance of two or more identicle segments close to each other within a strand of DNA.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

tandem repeat

A short segment of DNA that includes duplicated genetic material.
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
Microsatellite instability (MSI) in cancer occurs as a result of frameshift mutations in tandem repeat sequences known as microsatellites.
Short tandem repeat sequences in the Mycoplasma genitaliumgenome and their use in a multilocus genotyping system.
To further our knowledge of the epidemiology and spread of ASFV, we determined the virus sequences of the ASFVs isolated in Poland and Lithuania by using international standardized procedures (9) and by the analysis of an additional ASFV genome marker region characterized by the presence of tandem repeat sequences (TRSs).
Use of short tandem repeat sequences to study Mycobacterium leprae in leprosy patients in Malawi and India.
The use of a multiplex PCR of short tandem repeat sequences can assess the degree of chimerism for recipient and donor cells in skin and GI biopsy.
The tandem repeat sequences also were complementary and could bind to each other.
"The complementary tandem repeat sequences on either side of an exon allow the DNA to loop back on itself, bind together, pinch off the loop containing a particular exon and then splice it out," Dr.
While examining human-genome data, Fondon found that small segments of repeated DNA sequences, called tandem repeat sequences, are frequently present in genes that control how an animal develops into its final appearance.
To evaluate this hypothesis, Fondon and Garner looked for tandem repeat sequences in 92 breeds of domesticated dogs.
Detection of maternal deoxyribonucleic acid in umbilical cord plasma by using fluorescent polymerase chain reaction amplification of short tandem repeat sequences. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2002;186:117-20.
These include the highly polymorphic human "leukocyte" antigen (HLA) system and inherited polymorphisms of DNA sequences that are found throughout the human genome and that usually are not associated with functional genes (also called tandem repeat sequences).