Talion Principle

(redirected from Talion Law)
A primitive, unrealistic belief, conforming to the Biblical injunction of an ‘eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth’ which in psychoanalysis refers to the fear that all injury, actual or intended, will be punished in kind
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Friedrich's suicide offers a plausible solution to the mystery--an impression that is enhanced by the revelation that the Hebrew engraving on the tree references talion law: the conviction that a crime should be avenged through a punishment with equivalent gravity, a principle that is expressed in the Old Testament's dictum "eye for an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth." However, the text also provides several indications that a different version of Aaron's murder is plausible.
This concept of justice aligns with the text's characterization of Jewish materialism, whose emblem is talion law. By and large, the Jews in the novella are merchants, and most of them make a living from the much-despised practice of money lending.
Written in 1798-1799, Hegel's Der Geist des Christentums associates Christianity with the highest moral order, contrasting it with Judaism's less-developed talion law. According to Hegel, humanity has overcome Jewish morality with the teachings of Christ:
Schleiermacher's writings thus signify the transition from philological to psychological hermeneutics, while insisting on the achievement encompassed in the transition from the Old to the NewTestament, from Hebrew to Greek, and from talion law to Christian grace.
It's an ugly fable in which one brutal patriarch imposes talion law on another.