TRAM flap


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transverse rectus abdominus musculocutaneous flap

musculocutaneous flap, based inferiorly or (more commonly) superiorly on the deep inferior epigastric or superior epigastric (respectively) arteries that supply the rectus abdominus muscle. Most commonly used to close defects of the trunk or (most commonly) for breast reconstruction. Originated and pioneered by C.R. Hartrampf.
Synonym(s): TRAM flap
Transverse Rectus Abdominus Myocutaneous Flap. A tissue flap procedure that uses muscle, fat and skin from the abdomen to create a new breast mound after a mastectomy, either as a free—detached—or as a pedicle—attached to its blood supply and tunneled—tissue flap

TRAM flap

Transverse rectus abdominus musculocutaneous flap General surgery A rotated piece of tissue used as an alternative to a prosthesis in post-radical mastectomy reconstructive breast surgery; the operating time and the recovery period is longer, but the cosmetic result is often better

TRAM flap

Abbrev. for transverse rectus abdominis mycocutaneous flap. This is a layered piece of tissue, consisting of skin, muscle, and fat, taken from the abdomen of a woman and used in the reconstruction of her breast after mastectomy.
References in periodicals archive ?
In this case, the recurrent tumor was excised with wide local margin, and the pectoralis major muscle was removed en block, followed by immediate reconstruction with TRAM flap. Local recurrence after mastectomy rarely presents as isolated skin lesion in a form of erythematous rash with no palpable mass.
The overall incidence of complications in the study was minimal, and there were few minor complications like seroma, wound infection, and partial umbilical necrosis after TRAM flap in one case each.
Abdominal wall strength, bulging, and hernia after TRAM flap breast reconstruction.
Complications of TRAM flap include abdominal wall laxity and weakness, fat necrosis, flap necrosis, bulging of inframedial breast fold, pulmonary embolus, and seroma (6).
The deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap is a form of TRAM flap requiring microsurgery.
Immediate breast reconstruction: why the free TRAM over the conventional TRAM flap? Plast Reconstr Surg.
Quality of life, patients'satisfaction and aesthetic outcome after pedicle or free TRAM flap breast surgery.
The procedure is a variation of the most commonly performed breast reconstruction surgery method, the TRAM flap, in which muscle, tissue and fat are removed from the transverse rectus abdominis muscle (TRAM) in the lower abdomen.
It was decided that the best course of action would be to carry out an operation involving a tram flap - breast removal and reconstruction using tissue from the stomach.
It is important to note that the TRAM flap operation can be done only once.
Mrs Price, aged 41, from Woodgate Valley, had a mastectomy at the hospital in 1986 and was told two years later she could undergo reconstruction surgery using the so-called TRAM flap procedure where excess skin, muscle and fat from her stomach wouldbe u sed to rebuild her breast.