These initial observations have been later completed by the identification of other genetic alterations, such as DAL-1, TRAF7, AKT1, KLF4, PTCH1, SMARCE1, BAP1, SMO, and PIK3CA mutations [4, 5].
AKT1 or of cellular growth and proliferation, such as AKT3 and PIK3CA, transcriptional regulators, such as STAT3, POLR2A, and GL1, cellular apoptosis coordinators, including arachnoid location, such as TRAF7, c-fos, or bcl-2, Hedgehog pathway regulating adult stem cells, involved in maintenance and regeneration of adult tissues, such as SMO and SUFU, cellular motility coordinators, i.e.
In this regard, an almost exclusive association has been noticed between KLF4 gene mutations with secretory meningioma phenotype, while TRAF7 mutations are more frequently registered in non-secretory meningioma variants .
Genomic analysis of non-NF2 meningiomas reveals mutations in TRAF7, KLF4, AKT1, and SMO.
Li, "The tumor suppressor cylindromatosis (CYLD) acts as a negative regulator for toll-like receptor 2 signaling via negative cross-talk with TRAF6 and TRAF7, " The Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol.
dUb Target Ubiquitin-mediated Biological molecules modifications function A20 RIP1, RIP2, TRAF2, K63 Signaling TRAF6, MALT1, NEMO termination CYLD MyD88, TRAF2, K63 Signaling TRAF6, TRAF7, termination RIP1, NEMO USP2[alpha] TRAF6 K63 Signaling termination USP4 TRAF2, TRAF6, TAK1 K63 Signaling termination USP7 TRAF6, NEMO K63 Signaling termination USP10 TRAF6, NEMO K63/M1 Signaling termination USP11 IxBa K48 Proteolytic degradation USP15 IxBa K48 Proteolytic degradation USP18 TAK1, NEMO K63 Signaling termination USP21 RIP1 K63 Signaling termination USP25 TRAF2, TRAF3, K63/K48 Signaling TRAF5, TRAF6 termination/ proteolytic degradation Table 4: TLR expression profile.