TPN


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TPN

 
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

TPN

Abbreviation for total parenteral nutrition.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

TPN

abbr.
total parenteral nutrition
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

TPN

Total parenteral nutrition IV hyperalimentation Critical care A modality that attempts to provide all the body's need for nutrition without using the GI tract Indications
1. Correction of nutritional depletion in the face of inadequate oral intake and/or intestinal absorption, as in Crohn's disease, malignancy, pseudo-obstruction, radiation enteritis, short bowel syndrome, sprue and.
2. Conditions requiring bowel rest and nutritional restitution–eg, nonspecific colitides and associated growth retardation, enterocutaneous fistulas and pancreatitis TPN is used for children with diaphragmatic hernia, malrotation, esophageal atresia, tracheoesophageal fistula, gastroschisis, volvulus, meconium ileus and omphalocele; severely malnourished See Cancer cachexia. Cf Enteral nutrition.
Complications of TPN
Hepatic dysfunction Cholestasis, cholelithiasis, hepatic dysfunction, jaundice, hepatomegaly, micronodular cirrhosis, lipofuscinosis and steatosis–most common in premature infants
Related to indwelling IV line Misplacement of line, infections, eg Candida spp, aspergillosis
Metabolic defects Hyperglycemia–osmotic diuresis, hyperosmolarity, post-infusion hypoglycemia, hyperosmolar coma, ketoacidosis and other metabolic derangements, excess or deficiency of electrolytes, including Na+, K+, Cl, eg hyperchloremic acidosis and mineral imbalances, affecting Mg2+, PO4, and Ca2+ with hypercalcemia and accompanying pancreatitis, hypercalciuria and metabolic bone disease
Nutritional imbalances Generalized ↓ in essential fatty acids, trace minerals–copper, chromium, molybdenum, tin, zinc, and vitamins and ↑ TGs, cholesterol
.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

TPN

Abbreviation for three-in-one total parenteral nutrition; total parenteral nutrition; triphosphopyridine nucleotide.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

Total parenteral nutrition (TPN)

A solution containing all the required nutrients including protein, fat, calories, vitamins, and minerals, is injected over the course of several hours, into a vein. TPN provides a complete and balanced source of nutrients for patients who cannot consume a normal diet.
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

TPN

Abbreviation for total parenteral nutrition.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012

Patient discussion about TPN

Q. why is it that some women lack parental nutrition?

A. Do you mean breastfeeding? Some women have problem with their nipples, in rare cases the breast tissue isn't developed enough. Sometimes breast surgeries damage the milk ducts. Psychological factors also play a role.

More discussions about TPN
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References in periodicals archive ?
The product of TPN is used as packaging materials for daily household necessities like shopping plastic bags, mineral water bottle caps, etc.
Electrolytic values during admission, at initiation of TPN and up to day 4 of TPN Electrolytic values per day (mmol/l) On Day 0 Day 1 Day 2 admission (first day of TPN) Sodium 138 139 129 130 Potassium 3.4 3.6 3.2 3.2 Urea 6.4 7.3 7.8 6.5 Creatinine 69 67 71 56 Adjusted Ca 2.42 2.47 2.27 2.20 Phosphate 1.16 1.26 0.96 0.90 Magnesium 0.64 0.80 0.86 0.87 Electrolytic values per day (mmol/l) Day 3 Day 4 (after magnesium and phosphate infusion) Sodium 130 134 Potassium 3.1 3.6 Urea 6.5 6.1 Creatinine 54 54 Adjusted Ca 2.16 2.29 Phosphate 0.43 1.05 Magnesium 0.40 1.04
Infants in the revised TPN group lost significantly less of their birth weight in the first week and gained significantly more weight each week thereafter, through week 5.
Triglycerides should be checked before TPN is commenced and weekly thereafter
Successful management of home TPN is a challenge under ideal conditions.
The sellers of TPN are LDC, Neil England and the TPN management team, being Mark Duggan, Paul Robinson and Mark Kendall.
All patients in this series were managed conservatively with peripheral TPN and the somatostatin analogue octreotide.
Diets rich in glucose, for instance, TPN, increase thiamine consumption in order to metabolize additional carbohydrate.
They were divided into EN group (n=89) and TPN group (n=96) based on the nutrition support modes.