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the act or process of stimulating; the condition of being stimulated; see also promotion and enhancement.
cognitive stimulation in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as promotion of awareness and comprehension of surroundings by utilization of planned stimuli.
cutaneous stimulation in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as stimulation of the skin and underlying tissues for the purpose of decreasing undesirable signs and symptoms such as pain, muscle spasm, or inflammation.
deep brain stimulation (DBS) patient-controlled, continuous, high-frequency electrical stimulation of a specific area of the brain by means of an implanted electrode, which is controlled by a battery implanted just below the clavicle. The electrical signals block those signals from the brain causing tremors and some other related problems such as occur in Parkinson's disease, essential tremor, and dystonia.
stimulation/nurturance in the omaha system, activities that promote healthy physical and emotional development.
transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (transcutaneous neural stimulation) see transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation.


transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)
1. use of a battery-powered device to relieve acute and chronic pain. Electrodes attached to the skin transmit electrical impulses, which produce a mild tingling, tapping, or massaging sensation. Reasons postulated for the effectiveness of this method include interruption of pain impulses from the periphery to the central nervous system, increased production of endorphins, and improved blood supply to the affected part. Increased circulation encourages healing and helps reduce muscle spasm. A second generation TENS unit called The Pain Suppressor is also available; it produces an electrical current but water is used as a conducting substance, it is not attached to the skin, and the patient does not perceive the electrode current. Treatments are administered several times per day. TENS is an alternative to drugs for the management of pain and can be used in a variety of conditions. A patient can use it with minimal instruction and may wear it at home as well as in the hospital.
2. in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as stimulation of skin and underlying tissues with controlled, low-voltage electrical vibration via electrodes.
transcutaneous neural stimulation (TNS) transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (def. 1).
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

Witkop syndrome

A rare autosomal dominant ectodermal dysplasia (OMIM:189500) involving the teeth and nails. Most affected individuals have normal hair, sweat glands and ability to tolerate heat, with variable defects in permanent and primary teeth.
Molecular pathology
Defects of MSX1, which encodes a homeobox protein involved in epithelial-mesenchymal signalling that has roles in limb-pattern formation and craniofacial development, cause Witkop syndrome.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Following the opener TNS looked to establish a hold on the game, winning a free kick in a dangerous position 25 yards out from the Nomads goal in the 27th.
Founded in 1990 in the United States, TNS has grown steadily and now provides services in over 60 countries across the Americas, Europe and the Asia Pacific region, with our reach extending to many more.
TNS' services are supported by 24x7x365 monitoring and helpdesk support.
The TNS VoLTE Registry solution uses consistent ENUM server formats to avoid interoperability challenges.
Villafuerte said regulatory authority over TNS providers like Grab and Uber should be transferred from the Land Transportation Franchising and Regulatory Board (LTFRB) to the Department of Transportation 'so the government would be more responsive to the needs of the riding public.'
However, if Bala are unable to beat Connah's Quay Nomads the day before then TNS will be crowned champions without kicking a ball.
Cardiff Met were unable to find an equaliser in the closing stages as TNS went on to see out the victory.
According to the firm's investigation, SkinMedica's TNS products, which have been sold nationally through doctors' offices and retailers, contain a proprietary mix of "human growth factors" derived from human foreskin tissue.
"We created enough chances in the first leg to have won without playing well," says TNS manager Mike Davies.
WPP - now the only suitor after its takeover rival pulled out of the running last week - said it had secured acceptances from 8.6% of TNS shareholders and was extending its offer to September 12.
However, TNS continued to insist that WPP's current proposal - worth pounds 1.05 billion - undervalued the business, particularly in light of half-year results showing a 13.3 per cent rise in adjusted pre-tax profits to pounds 41.8 million.
The 260.6p-a-share proposal has been tabled direct to TNS shareholders after the target's board declined to enter into talks with Sir Martin.