Agents typically used are trimethoprim, TMPSMX
, or nitrofurantoin (31,32) (table 4 (31)), none of which demonstrated superiority in a Cochrane review.
This drug has some activity against Legionella and in previous reports there is a low incidence of Legionella pneumonia in persons on TMPSMX
A prior study showed that clindamycin and TMPSMX
are both of benefit in the setting of large skin abscesses.
bethesdensis CRO/GEN/VAN, Recovered CRO/DOX/TMPSMX, CFD/DOX/TMPSMX, DOX/TMPSMX * AMK, amikacin; CAZ, ceftazidime; CFD, cefdinir; CGD, chronic granulomatous disease; CLI, clindamycin; CLR, clarithromycin; CIP, ciprofloxacin; CPD, cefpodoxime; CRO, ceftriaxone; CSP, caspofungin; CYBB, cytochrome b-245, [beta] polypeptide; DOX, doxycycline; GEN, gentamicin; HSCT, hematopoietic stem cell transplant; IFN-[gamma], interferon-[gamma]; INH, isoniazid; ITZ, itraconazole; LAMB, liposomal amphotericin B; LVX, levofloxacin; LZD, linezolid; MEM, meropenem; MTZ, metronidazole; NCF2, neutrophil cytosolic factor 2; RFB, rifabutin; RIF, rifampin; TEC, teicoplanin; TGC, tigecycline; TMPSMX
, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole; TOB, tobramycin; VAN, vancomycin; VRZ, voriconazole.
) is recommended as the agent of choice for treatment of S.
The authors found that women with complicated UTIs experienced an average of 4.4 recurrent infections in the TMPSMX
group and 3.4 in the Lactobacilli group.
He was diagnosed with Mycobacterium avium complex pneumonia and Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PJP) by bronchoscopy and discharged on trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (tmpsmx
), azithromycin, ethambutol, and rifabutin.
(12) Antimicrobial agents used were amikacin, ampicillin, amoxicillin-clavulanate, cefotaxime, ceftazidime, cephradine, chloramphenicol, ciprofloxacin, clindamycin, erythromycin, gentamicin, methicillin, penicillin G, piperacillin, tetracycline, trimethoprim, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMPSMX
) and vancomycin.
, used in combination with rifampin, promptly resolved 6 out of 6 CA-MRSA isolate SSTIs (Iyer & Jones, 2004).
The use of the recommended alternative, TMPSMX
, has remained low and stable.