total dystrophic onychomycosis

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total dystrophic onychomycosis

; TDO; onychomycosis totalis total nail plate dystrophy/destruction due to fungal infection (see Table 1 and Table 2)
Table 1: Characteristics of fungal infections in the foot
PresentationCharacteristics
Interdigital skin infection (intertrigo)Macerated tissue and webspace fissures Or dry, flaking tissue and webspace fissures ± pruritus
Moccasin skin infectionDry, flaking skin affecting most of plantar surface, border skin and extending on to the dorsum from the interdigital spaces, ± pruritus
Hyperkeratotic skin infectionIncreased formation of plantar keratin, with fissuring (especially around heels)
Vesicular skin infectionIntensely itchy, vesicular eruptions along plantar web line and medial longitudinal arch
Superficial nail infectionFormation of white, powdery patches or plaques on dorsal surface of one or many nails (also known as white superficial onychomycosis)
Tobacco nailFormation of white/yellow/brown streak extending from distal to proximal area of intermediate nail plate, with local plate dystrophy
Total onychomycosisContamination of the entire nail plate by fungal infection, leading to plate hypertrophy, dystrophy, discoloration and onycholysis
Table 2: Clinical presentations of onychomycosis
OnychomycosisFeature
DLSODistal and lateral subungual onychomycosis: commonest presentation of onychomycosis; hyponychium is infected by the fungus leading to hyperkeratosis of the distal nail bed; spreads proximally to cause hyperkeratosis of the proximal nail bed and onycholysis
SWOSuperficial white onychomycosis: less common than DLSO; caused by infection with Trichophyton mentagrophytes ; affecting the dorsal nail plate; may respond to topical treatments
PSOProximal subungual onychomycosis: involvement of the proximal nail bed, spreading distally; due to infection with Candida sp. , T. rubrum and Scropulariopsis brevicaulis
TDOTotal dystrophic onychomycosis: the end result of untreated DLSO, SWO or PSO
COCandidal onychomycosis: nail involvement due to local spread from a chronic paronychia (typical of patients whose hands are habitually wet), distal nail plate infection (rare - mainly affecting patients with Raynaud's), chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (due to an inborn defect of cell-mediated immunity) or due to opportunist yeast infection of psoriatic nails
EOEndonyx onychomycosis: a rare form of onychomycosis caused by infection with T. soudanense
References in periodicals archive ?
TDO 87 CSU 76 Other Consult 52 Outpatient 12 Voluntary Hospitalization 10 SA Services 8 Note: Table made from pie chart.
The induction of IDO and TDO leads to increased concentration of kynurenine pathway metabolites, mostly kynurenic acid and quinolinic acid.
The path to becoming a TDO was not always the smoothest or the most popular, but it has led to the new standard in disbursing, and the Army is looking forward to where it will lead in the years to come.
Any oversight in knowing that a TDO is an open drain IO may result in the device not functioning unless it is reworked.
O sucesso da transferencia do TDO enquanto politica voltada para o controle da tuberculose esta diretamente associado a tres dimensoes: a informacao sobre o TDO recebida pelos profissionais que executarao essa politica/acao; o conhecimento desses profissionais acerca da politica de implementacao e a assimilacao das informacoes recebidas; e a inovacao, ou modo de implementacao e execucao propriamente dito, dessa nova politica/ acao (9).
FIGURE 6 shows the TDI signal waveform, expected TDO and actual waveform.
Consideram-se oito os criterios de ocorrencia frequente deste comportamento, segundo o DSM--IV--TR para o TDO.
rubrum was the commonest isolates obtained from case of DLSO and TDO and only isolates obtained from PSO was T.
O TDO e recomendado com o objetivo de garantir a quimioterapia regular e correta, pode ser realizado tanto na unidade de saude, quanto no local de moradia ou trabalho do paciente, seja por um ACS, seja por membros da equipe da ESF, ou ainda por um familiar ou pessoa da comunidade treinados e comprometidos com essa atividade.
Created by TDO and Wallpaper * , it was supposedly based on architect Le Corbusier's Villa Savoye building which was built in Paris in 1929, and when closed it acts as a lamp thanks to the ambient light it projects.
This is especially important in the TDO section where nonuniform stretching and the cross-web voiding "gradient" directly reflect the density differences within the product.
When process conditions fall outside the process window, the material typically breaks in the MDO or splits in the TDO, making nothing but a lot of very expensive scrap.