total dystrophic onychomycosis

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total dystrophic onychomycosis

; TDO; onychomycosis totalis total nail plate dystrophy/destruction due to fungal infection (see Table 1 and Table 2)
Table 1: Characteristics of fungal infections in the foot
PresentationCharacteristics
Interdigital skin infection (intertrigo)Macerated tissue and webspace fissures Or dry, flaking tissue and webspace fissures ± pruritus
Moccasin skin infectionDry, flaking skin affecting most of plantar surface, border skin and extending on to the dorsum from the interdigital spaces, ± pruritus
Hyperkeratotic skin infectionIncreased formation of plantar keratin, with fissuring (especially around heels)
Vesicular skin infectionIntensely itchy, vesicular eruptions along plantar web line and medial longitudinal arch
Superficial nail infectionFormation of white, powdery patches or plaques on dorsal surface of one or many nails (also known as white superficial onychomycosis)
Tobacco nailFormation of white/yellow/brown streak extending from distal to proximal area of intermediate nail plate, with local plate dystrophy
Total onychomycosisContamination of the entire nail plate by fungal infection, leading to plate hypertrophy, dystrophy, discoloration and onycholysis
Table 2: Clinical presentations of onychomycosis
OnychomycosisFeature
DLSODistal and lateral subungual onychomycosis: commonest presentation of onychomycosis; hyponychium is infected by the fungus leading to hyperkeratosis of the distal nail bed; spreads proximally to cause hyperkeratosis of the proximal nail bed and onycholysis
SWOSuperficial white onychomycosis: less common than DLSO; caused by infection with Trichophyton mentagrophytes ; affecting the dorsal nail plate; may respond to topical treatments
PSOProximal subungual onychomycosis: involvement of the proximal nail bed, spreading distally; due to infection with Candida sp. , T. rubrum and Scropulariopsis brevicaulis
TDOTotal dystrophic onychomycosis: the end result of untreated DLSO, SWO or PSO
COCandidal onychomycosis: nail involvement due to local spread from a chronic paronychia (typical of patients whose hands are habitually wet), distal nail plate infection (rare - mainly affecting patients with Raynaud's), chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (due to an inborn defect of cell-mediated immunity) or due to opportunist yeast infection of psoriatic nails
EOEndonyx onychomycosis: a rare form of onychomycosis caused by infection with T. soudanense
References in periodicals archive ?
Where possible, place power or ground pins between TDI, TDO and other TAP signal pins.
To manually generate the simple bypass and IDCODE test on the U1, U2 and U5 chain, a software language is needed to execute the TDI, TCK, TMS and TDO signals to simulate the state machine operation.
Basamos esta afirmacion en la reciente publicacion de algunas guias de manejo y cuidado del AV (7-8-9) en las que se recomienda la TDO como primera opcion, y en el numero de trabajos cientificos presentados en congresos nacionales y europeos en los que se menciona la TDO (19-11-12-13-14-15).
Given that basal levels of Trp in the blood are mainly controlled by TDO, which does not respond to pro-inflammatory mediators, one can speculate that during severe illness, TDO activity is up-regulated by stress-induced glucocorticoids30, leading to increased amino acid uptake by the liver and thereby lowering circulating Trp.
Once the TDO or IDO enzymes act on tryptophan, it is no longer available for conversion to serotonin or incorporation into protein.
For this purpose, a multifunctional amine (MFA = Duomeen TDO, Akzo) was added to the compound and, in addition, the vulcanization system was optimized by adding 0.
Products include the Pentaplast Pentapharm[R] ACLAR[R] 130/02 barrier film using ACLAR[R] CX film, TDO film, MDO film, and Medipak's Compacker-200 Pacliner-1500 integrated blister packaging/cartoning machine, which is capable of both rotary and platen sealing.
Mark, 25, from Cannock in Staffordshire, works for TDO in Walsall.
Both effects can be analyzed by comparing the distribution of claims among the MO, TDO, and PPD groups, controlling for factors other than health care, that influence the post-injury stock of health capital.
0 also includes a new file system called TDO (Tape/Disk Object), which replaces QStar's previous file system SDF.
1 compliant pins (TDI, TDO, TCK, TMS) became substitutes for test points, creating in effect virtual ICT, thereby directly addressing the challenge posed by increased packaging density, just in time for the advent of smartphones and tablets.