Quantitative data reflected that overall parent levels of self-esteem slightly increased but remained moderately high, based on the RSE from pretest to posttest with a t-score
If a woman has a T-score
below -2.5 SD (standard deviations) on a bone density scan, she has osteoporosis, says Rosen, and it's time to consider prescription drugs.
These included color printouts of bone density levels, graphic images of the hip, spine and total body, t-score
and z-scores, and graphs displaying their readings along with future projections based on normal rates of loss.
The mean T-score
on the Multidimensional Pain Inventory was 50.02 for those using opioids at admission and 44.51 for nonusers.
* Make sure you discuss your T-score
with your health care professional; don't assume you do or don't have the disease.
One commonly used is the dual X-ray absorptiometry method (DEXA), which takes measurements at the spine, hip, or forearm and converts them to a T-score
of standard deviations (SD) comparing the patient's reading with that of a young adult.
The DXA scanner computes a numerical reading of bone strength, called a T-score
, that is used to compare your bone density with established values.
of 2.03 indicates that the difference is statistically significant (at the .05 level).
Scale Mean/SD T-Score
Ranges Physical Environment 22.64/7.07 57 40-59 Physical Strain 22.19/8.48 52 40-59 Responsibility 25.36/6.93 52 40-59 Psychological Strain 21.07/7.50 50 40-59 Higher scores are more negative.
output used for assessing fracture risk scales comparably to spine and hip density.
The BMD values were expressed as the number of SD from the mean of a healthy young Caucasian population (t-score
norms were computed for each individual test using the scores from the initial administration to the 697 sample.