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pertaining to or affecting the body as a whole.
systemic disease one affecting a number of tissues that perform a common function.


Relating to a system; specifically somatic, relating to the entire organism as distinguished from any of its individual parts.


Relating to a system; specifically somatic, relating to the entire organism as distinguished from any of its individual parts.


1. Pertaining to something that affects the whole body rather than one part of it.
2. Of the blood circulation supplying all parts of the body except the lungs.
3. Of a drug taken by mouth or given by injection, as distinct from a drug applied externally.


distributed throughout the whole of an organism.


A term used to describe a medicine that has effects throughout the body, as opposed to topical drugs that work on the skin. Most medicines that are taken by mouth or by injection are systemic drugs.

Patient discussion about Systemic

Q. Is fibromyalgia related to Central Nervous System? Is fibromyalgia related to Central Nervous System? Among men and women who is more prone to the symptoms of fibromyalgia?

A. here is a quote from the National Fibromyalgia Association site:

"Little research has been conducted that measures the prevalence of fibromyalgia, and estimates vary widely as to the proportion of male versus female patients. A 1999 epidemiology study conducted in London found a female to male ratio of roughly three to one. However, a 2001 review of the research literature in Current Rheumatology Reports stated the ratio was nine to one."

Q. on what systems does ADHD effects?

A. Central nervous system. Which usually affects the hormonal state and any other system there is...

Q. on what system in the body does a Fibromyalgia effects?

A. Fibromyalgia effects the musculoskeletal and neuronal systems mainly. It is known to cause general weakness and unexplained fatigue, and a syndrome of pain, associated with different locations in the body. People suffer from chronic and extreme tenderness to light touch. Other symptoms include muscle aches, tingling and muscle spasms.

More discussions about Systemic
References in periodicals archive ?
While these studies define firm-level systemic risk measures, Allen, Bali, and Tang (2012) introduce an aggregate systemic risk measure for the financial sector.
Proponents of macroprudential policy have not addressed the possibility that regulators will not automatically adopt the (perhaps constrained) minimization of systemic risk as their goal to the exclusion of all other concerns.
Traditionally, bank-based systemic risk grew from the threat that a spike in depositor withdrawal demands would deplete available deposit reserves, seen most notably during the Great Depression.
To test for lead-lag linkages between economic policy uncertainty and systemic risk, we need tractable measures for both.
Therefore, constructing a directed complex network is necessary to recognize the source of systemic risk and the important nodes in the contagion.
Thus, the higher the score (the greater the systemic risk), the more extra capital the bank must hold.
The implementation of the decision may lead to an increase of the systemic risk with "incalculable consequences" and also encourage bad practices, the fiscal watchdog added.
A comprehensive definition of systemic risk for financials can be found in Acharya, Engle, and Richardson (2012), who collected three main components and the product accurately reflects what systemic risk implies for a firm and its stakeholders.
The Council will provide a forum for deliberating upon issues related to systemic risk, particularly those having cross-market and stability implications.
A SBP statement issued here said the Council will provide a forum for deliberating issues related to systemic risk, particularly those having cross market and stability implications.
According to the above literature, we can know that banking systems can be modeled as the complex networks, which are useful to investigate systemic risk. In the realm of complex networks, the entropy has been adopted as a measure to characterize properties of the network topology [20-22].
Financial regulators overseeing the over-the-counter (OTC) derivatives market marked an important milestone this fall as Wall Street banks began complying with the last in a cocktail of derivatives market reforms intended to rein in systemic risk. This milestone signals the near completion of derivatives rules established in the wake of AIG's bailout and Lehman Brothers' failure.

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