Syrian rue

Syrian rue

(sēr′ē-ăn roo)
The common name for the plant, Peganum harmala, whose seeds are brewed in some cultures to make a tea with hallucinogenic properties. Its seeds contain harmaline alkaloids (harmine, harmaline and tetrahydroharmine) which are members of the class of chemicals known as beta-carboline alkaloids. They increase levels of serotonin in the central and peripheral nervous systems.
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Harmal (Peganum harmala) also known as "Syrian rue" is another kind of plants which grew in the mountains.
Some of the core medicinal plants common across the Middle East include: aloe, anise, black seed (see side bar, next page), cardamom, chamomile, cherry, cinnamon, clove, coriander, cress, cumin, fennel/fenugreek, flax, frankincense (lubban), galingale, ginger, greek sage, henna, Indian frankincense, laurel, licorice, mastic, mint, mustard, nutmeg, olive, parsley, pepper, pimento, rosemary, saffron, senna, sumac, Syrian rue, turmeric and wormwood.