detergent

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Related to Synthetic Detergent: anionic detergent

detergent

 [de-ter´jent]
1. purifying or cleansing.
2. an agent that purifies or cleanses.
3. in biochemistry, any of a class of agents structurally consisting of a nonpolar hydrocarbon chain and a hydrophilic polar head group, which reduce the surface tension of water, emulsify, and aid in solubilization of soil.

de·ter·gent

(dē-tĕr'jent),
1. Cleansing.
2. A cleansing or purging agent, usually salts of long-chain aliphatic bases or acids (for example, quaternary ammonium or sulfonic acid compounds) that, through a surface action that depends on their possessing both hydrophilic and hydrophobic properties, exert cleansing (oil-dissolving) and antibacterial effects; acridine derivatives (for example, acriflavine, proflavine) as well as other dyes (for example, brilliant green, crystal violet) have detergent properties for the same reasons.
Synonym(s): detersive
[L. de-tergeo, pp. -tersus, to wipe off]

de·ter·gent

(dĕ-tĕr'jĕnt)
A cleansing or purging agent, usually salts of long-chain aliphatic bases or acids that, through a surface action that depends on their possessing both hydrophilic and hydrophobic properties, exert cleansing (i.e., oil-dissolving) and antibacterial effects.
[L. de-tergeo, pp. -tersus, to wipe off]

detergent

a substance that when dissolved in water acts as a cleansing agent for the removal of grease by altering the interfacial tension of water with other liquids or solids. Powerful detergents are used to break up oil spillages at sea.

de·ter·gent

(dĕ-tĕr'jĕnt)
A cleansing or purging agent that provides cleansing (i.e., oil-dissolving) and antibacterial effects.
[L. de-tergeo, pp. -tersus, to wipe off]
References in periodicals archive ?
HP is widely used to bleach hair, while PBS helps make synthetic detergents. Akzo Nobel, Edison, FMC/Foret, Kemira, Snia, Solvay and Total/Elf Aquitaine/Arkema will pay the fines, with Belgum-based Solvay beng hit hardest, by a Euro 167 million penalty.
Created to enhance body, shine, and manageability, the products feature no synthetic detergents, foam boosters, fabric softener chemicals, or artificial chemicals, colors, or fragrances.
Wuz-Blak is a combination of non-irritating, non-toxic and non-ionic synthetic detergents specially developed to neutralize and remove carbon black.
THEY contain synthetic detergents formulated for gentle facial cleansing of excess oils and dirt and effective rinsing with water.
Then vegetable oils replaced lard as shortening, and synthetic detergents replaced lard-based soaps.
Such wastes vary widely in composition and may contain plant or animal wastes, acids, alkalis, oils, and other organic or inorganic chemicals some of which may be toxic, synthetic detergents or radioactive substances.
Moreover, the trend from soaps towards synthetic detergents is increasing as well.

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