symphysis pubis


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symphysis

 [sim´fĭ-sis] (Gr.)
a site or line of union; a type of joint in which the apposed bony surfaces are firmly united by a plate of fibrocartilage.
symphysis menta´lis the line of fusion in the median plane of the mandible that marks the union of the two halves of the mandible.
pubic symphysis (symphysis pu´bis) the line of union of the bodies of the pubic bones in the median plane.

pu·bic sym·phy·sis

[TA]
the firm fibrocartilaginous joint in the median plane between the two opposing surfaces of the pubic bones, which are united by an interpubic disc of fibrocartilage as well as the superior and arcuate pubic ligaments.

symphysis pubis

A firm anterior fibrocartilaginous joint between the two pubic bones, which loosens during late pregnancy and delivery to facilitate the passage of a baby.

pu·bic sym·phy·sis

(pyū'bik sim'fi-sis) [TA]
The firm, fibrocartilaginous joint between the two pubic bones.
Synonym(s): symphysis pubis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Caption: Figure 3: (a) Axial and (b) coronal T2-weighted magnetic resonance images confirms the X-ray finding in the same patient and shows wide separation of symphysis pubis (arrow).
Symphysis pubis steroid injection may be preferred in osteitis pubis patients due to its effects on both immediate symptom relief and improvement of bone erosions.
Rupture of the symphysis pubis during vaginal delivery followed by two subsequent uneventful pregnancies.
A search on PubMed using the keywords, "chiropractic symphysis pubis diastasis," "chiropractic symphysis pubis dysfunction" and "chiropractic postpartum pelvic pain" was performed.
The contracture band in the groin and across the symphysis pubis binds the thighs together, leading to functional problems like difficulty in squatting, walking, sitting, urination, defecation, and sexual function.
On examination, the right inguinal swelling was about 2x2 cm in diameter just above and lateral to symphysis pubis, red in color, hard in consistency, not tender, relatively fixed to underlying structure with well defined edges.
"They offered me an EPV (the process by which they try and turn the baby from the outside), but I've been in a lot of pain throughout my pregnancy with SPD (Symphysis Pubis Dysfunction which causes pelvic joint pain to varying degrees in up to one in four pregnant women) and so I just wanted to make things straightforward.
(3) Also, an MRI scan showing bone marrow oedema in the symphysis pubis does not always correlate with the clinical symptoms.
One such cause is osteitis pubis, an umbrella term for conditions that affect the area surrounding the symphysis pubis. Patients with osteitis pubis present with pain over the anterior aspect of the pelvis that is worse with sit-ups, rising from a chair, or any activity where contraction of the rectus muscles occurs.
Symphysiotomy is an operation to widen the maternal pelvis by dividing the fibro-cartilage of the symphysis pubis, thereby facilitating vaginal delivery of the fetus in the presence of mild to moderate cephalopelvic disproportion (19).
"This involved an incision to divide the ligaments of the symphysis pubis to increase the pelvic diameter to help assist in the safe delivery of a Eve baby in an obstructed labour where there is no facility to do a caesarean.
The maneuvers that are most commonly employed for shoulder dystocia, however, are utilized in order to disimpact the anterior shoulder from behind the symphysis pubis by effecting its rotation.