In view of the extraordinary complementarity of the association between mutualistic symbionts
and psyllids (Sloan and Moran, 2012), the sensitivity of D.
As opposed to anemones with symbionts
, bleached anemones showed a significant increase in the specific activity for G6PDH, suggesting a compensation effort by the bleached animals to alleviate a deficit of fatty acids due to the catabolism of lipids.
Rapid spread of a bacterial symbiont
in an invasive whitefly is driven by fitness benefits and female bias.
Different algal symbionts
explain the vertical distribution of dominant reef corals in the eastern Pacific.
Once the relationship between Ina and human symbionts
is settled, they are not torn apart; rather, the relationship is reciprocal and long-lasting.
A photographic record of abnormalities, symbionts
, and parasites was obtained.
adunca, is the first known scuttle fly that is a symbiont
For example, Spiroplasma can convey increased resistance to nematode infections in Drosophila flies , and secondary symbionts
in aphids can confer resistance to parasitic wasps .
It indicates where the bacterial infection has killed the corals' photosynthetic symbionts
, called zooxanthellae, which provide their major source of energy.
Others cover prokaryotic and eukaryotic defensive symbionts
, and the fungal endophyte as a model system to understand defensive mutualism.
In the deeper waters of the Caribbean, clades B and C are the most common coral symbionts
, while clade C is more predominant in the reefs of the Pacific.
induce haploid thelytoky in most clones of three closely related Brevipalpus species.