Swan-Ganz catheter


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Swan-Ganz catheter

 [swahn-gahnts]
a soft, flow-directed catheter with a balloon at the tip for measuring pulmonary arterial pressures, right atrial pressures, left atrial pressure, reflected left ventricular end-diastolic pressure, and cardiac output. It is introduced into an internal jugular vein or subclavian vein and is guided by blood flow into the subclavian vein, the superior vena cava, through the right atrium and ventricle, and into the pulmonary artery where it floats freely with the movement of blood. A monitor attached to the distal lumen port provides a reading of pulmonary artery pressure and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, which is actually a reading of pressure in the left side of the heart.



The catheter permits evaluation of cardiac function by assessing the effectiveness of right and left pumping action of the heart and providing a quantitative measurement of cardiac output, and by allowing for sampling of mixed arterial-venous oxygen levels and calculation of differences between the two. Swan-Ganz catheters have a proximal lumen opening that is situated in the right atrium or superior vena cava, permitting monitoring of central venous pressure. The proximal lumen port is used for administration of drugs and fluids.

The Swan-Ganz catheter provides vital information in cases of heart failure resulting from myocardial infarction and cardiogenic shock, in the care of patients critically ill from hypovolemic shock, and in the diagnosis and treatment of cardiac tamponade. It also is useful in preventive monitoring to avoid overhydration and pulmonary edema, and often is inserted preoperatively in patients undergoing preload and corrective procedures and open heart surgery in order to monitor response to anesthesia during surgery. The catheter is used diagnostically to inject radiopaque dye during angiography to confirm a diagnosis of pulmonary embolism.

Care of the patient with a Swan-Ganz catheter requires extensive instruction and supervised experience in intensive care nursing.
Swan-Ganz catheter. From Polaski and Tatro, 1996.

Swan-·Ganz cath·e·ter

(swahn ganz),
a balloon-tipped flexible catheter commonly used in the treatment of critically ill patients; introduced via a major peripheral vein, usually jugular or subclavian, and floated under pressure waveform guidance, with or without fluoroscopy, sequentially through the right atrium, right ventricle, and pulmonary artery, ultimately to wedge, when the balloon is inflated, in a small arterial branch where the tip measures pressure-transmitted retrograde from the left side of the heart, which is assumed to represent left ventricular end-diastolic pressure; side holes allow measurement of central venous pressure; with the balloon deflated, catheter measures pulmonary artery systolic, diastolic, and mean pressures; also allows infusion via catheter; some catheters are fitted with pacing electrodes.

Swan-Ganz catheter

[swän′ ganz′]
Etymology: Harold J.C. Swan, American physician, b. 1922; William Ganz, American cardiologist, b. 1919; Gk, katheter, something lowered
a long, thin cardiac catheter with a tiny balloon at the tip. It is used to determine left ventricular function by measuring pulmonary capillary wedge pressure.
enlarge picture
Swan-Ganz catheter

Swan-Ganz catheter

Cardiology A flexible balloon-tipped device placed in the pulmonary artery to monitor hemodynamics of critically ill Pts

Swan-Ganz cath·e·ter

(swahn ganz kath'ĕ-tĕr)
A thin (5 Fr), flexible, flow-directed venous catheter using a balloon to carry it through the heart to a pulmonary artery; when it is positioned in a small arterial branch, pulmonary wedge pressure is measured in front of the temporarily inflated and wedged balloon.
Synonym(s): pulmonary artery catheter.

Swan-Ganz catheter

A soft, flexible, double-bore tube with a small balloon at one end. The catheter is passed along a vein to the right ATRIUM of the heart and the balloon inflated. The force of the blood flow then carries the balloon into the right VENTRICLE and then into the PULMONARY ARTERY, allowing pressure measurements to be made. (Harold James C. Swan, American cardiologist, b. 1922, and William Ganz, American cardiologist, b. 1919).

Ganz,

William, U.S. cardiologist, 1919–.
Ganz-Edwards coronary infusion catheter
Swan-Ganz balloon flotation catheter
Swan-Ganz bipolar pacing catheter
Swan-Ganz catheter - see under Swan
Swan-Ganz flow-directed catheter
Swan-Ganz pacing TD catheter

Swan,

Harold James C., U.S. cardiologist, 1922–.
Swan discission knife
Swan lancet
Swan needle
Swan-Ganz balloon flotation catheter
Swan-Ganz bipolar pacing catheter
Swan-Ganz catheter - a thin, flexible, flow-directed catheter using a balloon to carry it through the heart to a pulmonary artery.
Swan-Ganz flow-directed catheter
Swan-Ganz pacing TD catheter

Swan-Ganz cath·e·ter

(swahn ganz kath'ĕ-tĕr)
A thin (5 Fr), flexible, flow-directed venous catheter using a balloon to carry it through the heart to a pulmonary artery.
Synonym(s): pulmonary artery catheter.

Swan-Ganz catheter

a soft, flow-directed catheter with a balloon at the tip for measuring pulmonary arterial pressures, right atrial pressures, left atrial pressure, and reflected left ventricular end-diastolic pressure.
The catheter permits evaluation of cardiac function by assessing the effectiveness of right and left pumping action of the heart and providing a quantitative measurement of cardiac output, and by allowing for sampling of mixed arterial-venous oxygen levels and calculation of differences between the two.
References in periodicals archive ?
The sensor's unique technological platform enables clinicians to elect a less-invasive option for those patients who need hemodynamic monitoring, but who may not require all of the parameters offered by Edwards' line of Swan-Ganz catheters.
In addition to previewing its FloTrac sensor at the SCCM 2005 Congress, Edwards also is launching its new Vigilance II monitor, the next generation of continuous cardiac output and oximetry monitors for use with Swan-Ganz catheters.
The flexibility of the AVA 3Xi device allows the clinician to easily insert Baxter's Swan-Ganz catheter to monitor a patient's cardiac function.
Delivery of medical products to highly specialized cardiac procedures (among other things balloons to restenosis, balloon catheters, diagnostic catheters, thrombectomy catheters, guiding catheters, diagnostic catheters, Swan-Ganz catheters, electrodes, filters, Inflators, Introducery, guides, probes Grafty stent, stents, etc.
Delivery of highly specialized procedures in the field of angiology and endovascular surgery (among other things: Stent Grafty in the abdominal aorta, stent Grafty to thoracic aortic stent Grafty for peripheral vascular stents, balloon catheters, Swan-Ganz catheters, systems security proximal cerebral circulation, Coil vascular, transseptal puncture needles and others).